2014.04.25【英译中】Disturbed Elephants

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发表于:2014-04-29 01:45 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
Disturbed Elephants
Here’s a gruesome hypothetical: If you and your family were rounded up, and you were forced to watch as older relatives were killed, how would it affect you? Needless to say, you’d be horrified. You’d probably also be deeply disturbed for a long time afterwards. Maybe forever.

Regular Culling

For some non human species, that grisly scenario is all too common. For instance, up until a few decades ago elephant populations were regularly culled. That is, family groups were herded into a tight space so that hunters could shoot and kill the older individuals. The practice was actually meant to help elephants, because park officials worried they’d grow too numerous and overrun the area.

But research has shown that the surviving elephants are often deeply disturbed. One study found that elephants from a culled group had serious problems with social and other behaviors. For example, a group of orphaned male elephants killed more than one-hundred rhinoceroses over a decade — behavior that’s highly abnormal.

Lose Elders, Lose Educators

Another study found that culling survivors responded chaotically to elephant calls broadcast by scientists in a nearby jeep. The animals seemed at a loss — sometimes taking defensive measures, but not necessarily in response to calls from alien or more socially dominant females, as they normally would.

Scientists speculate that’s because elephants typically learn these important behaviors from their elders. And when those elders are culled or poached, the younger elephants may not learn how to respond to potential threats. Elephants that don’t know how to defend themselves have less chance of surviving and reproducing. Although culling is no longer practiced, poaching is. And it may have similar effects.

以下是译文:



不安的大象


设想这样一个可怕的场景:你和家人遭受围捕,你被迫目睹长辈被杀,这会对你产生怎样的影响?毫无疑问,你吓坏了。你可能会在之后的很长一段时间内都深感不安,或许这种感觉会持续一生。


常规猎杀


对于除人以外的一些生物而言,这种可怕的场景是十分常见的。比如几十年前,大象会经常遭受屠宰,借此控制它们的种群数量。捕猎者会将整个大象家族赶入一个封密的空间,并枪杀其中一些年老的大象。因为公园管理员担心大象数量的增多会超出园区的负载限度,所以这种猎杀大象的行为实际上是在帮助它们。


但是调查表明,那些在猎杀中幸存下来的大象常常会深感不安。一项研究显示,这些幸存的大象在社交和其他行为方面会出现严重的问题。例如,一群失去亲人的雄性大象曾在近十年中杀死了一百多头犀牛。这是极端反常的行为。




失去长辈即失去经验


另一项研究显示,当科学家在那些幸存下来大象附近的一辆吉普车中播放大象的叫声时,它们的回应十分混乱。它们显得茫然无措,有时还会采取防御措施。这并不像它们在正常情况下回应外来客或是族群中地位更高的母象所表现出的那样。



科学家推测这是因为大象通常会从长辈身上学到这些重要的行为。当长辈遭受屠杀或偷猎后,年幼的小象在面临潜在威胁时会显得不知所措。不知道怎样保护自己的大象,其幸存机率便会降低,繁殖能力也会减弱。尽管如今屠杀大象的行为已经消失,但非法狩猎仍会产生类似的结果。

分类: 英语

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