2014.04.14【英译中】 Learning Sympathy

maggiewujia (maggiewujia)
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路人甲
2022 1 0
发表于:2014-04-29 03:06 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
Learning Sympathy
关于人类同情心的研究
A big part of being human is feeling sympathy, but just how early on in our lives we learn this is something that scientists would like to know.
拥有同情心是人类的一大特点,但学家们一直想知道生活中我们是在多早就拥有这种情绪了。
From Self-Awareness To Other-Awareness
从自我意识到他人意识
Behavioral scientists know that newborns respond to the emotional states of other people, by crying when other babies cry. However, babies can’t distinguish between themselves and others — shown by recognizing themselves in a mirror — until they’re eighteen to twenty months old. Toddlers also start to show concern for others around this time.
行为科学家指出新生儿会对他人的情绪状态做出回应,当其他婴儿哭泣的时候也会哭。然而,婴儿无法区分自己与他人——这是基于他们能从镜中认出自己——直到他们长到十八到二十个月大。这时,这些初学走路的孩子也开始关注周围的人。
Kids also begin to do things like comfort other people at about this age. By the time they’re three, most children will try to protect a victim from a bully in a fight. But how do kids go from the infant stage, crying when others cry, to the protecting stage of later childhood?
也正是这个年纪,孩子们开始做出类似安抚他人的行为。等到他们三岁的时候,多数孩子会尝试在打架的时候从欺凌弱小的人手中保护受害者。但孩子们是如何从跟随其他人一同哭泣的婴儿阶段转变为幼年后期的保护阶段呢?
Blue Ball Vs. Yellow Cube
蓝色球VS黄色方块
To find out, researchers from Kyoto University, and Toyohashi University of Technology in Japan, designed a program to test for signs of sympathy in ten-month olds. In the video, a blue ball chases a yellow cube around the screen, repeatedly pushing and hitting it.
来自日本京都大学和日本丰桥技术科学大学的研究人员为了找寻答案设计出了一个项目用以测试十个月大的幼儿的同情迹象。在视频中,一个蓝色的球满屏幕的追逐一个黄色的方块,并不断地碰撞和击打它。
After the babies watched the video, they tended to reach out and try to touch the yellow cube victim, a sign of sympathy. When the bully became the victim, babies still reached out for the object that got hurt.
婴儿在看完视频后,伸出手试图触摸作为受害者的黄色方块,这是一种有同情心的信号。当球变成受害者后,婴儿也同样会对受伤者生出手。
However, some researchers think that babies might just be attracted to an object that moves differently in videos such as these. So the matter of exactly when sympathy may develop is still up for debate.
但是,一些研究人员认为婴儿只是被视频中物体不同的移动方式吸引了而已。所以同情心究竟是何时产生的仍然有待探讨。
分类: 英语
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