2014.04.19【英译中】The Smell Of Anxiety

maggiewujia (呉 Felson)
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发表于:2014-04-29 03:20 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
The Smell Of Anxiety
焦虑的味道
Our sense of smell can have a large impact on how we think and feel. But did you know that mood can affect how we smell?
我们的嗅觉可以极大的影响着我们所思所想。但是,你了解情绪也影响着我们的嗅觉吗?
When Neutral Odors Turn Bad
当中性气味变坏

According to a study by researchers at the University of Wisconsin Madison, feeling anxious can make typically neutral smells seem repugnant.
一份来自威斯康星麦迪逊大学的研究表明,感觉焦虑可以使典型的中性气味变得讨厌。

The study involved a dozen volunteers who rated a panel of neutral smells. Then, while inside an MRI machine, subjects were made to feel anxious with disturbing images of car crashes and grisly war scenes.
12名志愿者参与到此项研究,通过中性气味进行评估。接着,在磁共振机器内对这些测试者进行车祸或者及严重的战争场景的干预,使他们感到焦虑。
They were then asked to rank the panels of neutral smells once again. But now, after having been made anxious by the images, they described some of the smells as negative.
接下来他们被再次排放到中性气味中来,但是现在,由于图片造成的焦虑,他们描述糟糕消极的气味。
So What’s Going On?
那么接下来发生什么?

MRI revealed that during induced anxiety, the smell related circuits of the brain became intertwined with the brain’s emotional circuitry. Normally, those circuits don’t interact much, but when the subjects were anxious, the circuits morphed into something like a unified network, essentially rewiring the brain. And somehow, that rewiring affected how the subjects interacted with the world through smell.
磁共振揭示了在感应焦虑的过程中,与气味相关的大脑回路开始与情感回路相互交织。正常情况下,那些回路并没有太多相互作用,但是当测试者感到焦虑时,那些回路改变成为统一的网络,本质上等于大脑重新连线。不可思议的是,那些重组如何影响着测试者通过气味与世界相互作用。
So why does this matter? First, because it helps explain how anxiety can feed on itself. Insofar as being anxious makes things smell generally worse, those worse smells may in turn cause greater anxiety, creating an anxiety feedback loop.
那么为什么会有这样的事情?首先,因为它能揭示了,焦虑怎样满足自我的。一定情况下的焦虑可以使东西闻起来更坏,这些更坏的气味也能转化成为更加焦虑,从而创造了焦虑反馈回路。
On the bright side, understanding how emotion and smell can intertwine may also lead to ways to use smell as a way to combat anxiety and other mental disorders an intriguing possibility that may be borne out with more research.
往好的方面来看,了解情感和味道的相互交织可以引领我们如何使用味道去抵抗焦虑和其他精神疾病,这种有趣的可能性需要更多的研究来检验证实。
分类: 英语

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