2014.04.29【美国国家地理】野生宠物4

lolavolkov (那小狐) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-04-30 08:11 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
Private owning exotic animals is currently permitted in a handful of states with essentially no restrictions: You must have a license to own a dog, but you are free to purchase a lion or baboon and keep it as a pet. Even in the states where exotic-pet ownerhip is banned, "people break the law," says Adam Roberts of Born Free USA, who keeps a running database of deaths and injuries attributed to exotic-pet ownership: In Texas a four-year-old mauled by a mountain lion his aunt kept as a pet, in Connecticut a 55-year-old woman's face permanently disfigured by her friend's lifelong pet chimpanzee, in Ohio an 80-year-old man attacked by a 200-pound kangaroo, in Nebraska a 34-year-old man strangled to death by his pet snake. And that list does not capture the number of people who become sick from coming into contact with zoonotic diseases.
在准许家养野生宠物的少数几个州,私人圈养进口野生动物几乎没有什么限制。如果你要养狗,还得去申请执照,但你可以随心所欲地买一只狮子或者狒狒,把它当作宠物来养。即使在那些禁止家养野生宠物的州,“人们无视法律的存在”,美国“生而自由”基金会的亚当·罗伯特说。“生而自由”基金会建立了一个由家养野生宠物而致死致残的动态数据库——得克萨斯州一个四岁的小孩被他姑姑养的美洲狮咬伤,俄亥俄州一个80岁的老汉被一只重200磅的袋鼠攻击,内布拉斯加州一个34岁的男性被他自己的宠物蛇勒死。这项统计还不包括由于接触野生动物而染上传染病的伤亡人数。
The term exotic pet has no firm definiton; it can refer to any wildlife kept in human households-or simply to a pet that's more unusual than the standard dog or cat. Lack of oversight and regulation makes it difficult to pin down just how many exotics are out there. "The short answer is, too many," says Patty Finch of the Global Federation of Animal Sanctuaries. It's estimated that the number of captive tigers alone is at least 5,000- most kept not by accredited zoos but by private owners. And while many owners tend to their exotic pets with great care and at no small expenses, some keep their pets in cramped cages and poor conditions.

关于“野生宠物”并没有明确的定义,它可泛指任何被家养的野生动物,或者相对于阿猫阿狗这种一般宠物而言,其他一切不寻常的宠物都可称为“野生宠物”。缺乏监管和规范使得确定野生宠物数量这项工作变得尤其困难。“简而言之,野生宠物太多了”,全球动物保护协会负责人帕蒂·芬奇说道。据估计,光是圈养的老虎至少就有5000头,其中大多数不是由鉴定合格的动物园饲养,而是为个人私有。尽管大多数野生宠物的主人不惜花费大量人力物力财力饲养野生宠物,但还有一些动物被关在笼子里,生存条件恶劣。


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最后编辑于:2014-04-30 08:27
分类: 英语

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