2014.06.04【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 (5)

fay_ai (非非) 译人小成
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发表于:2014-06-04 09:17 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration


导致脱水的14个原因 (5)




Drinking alcohol 

喝酒


Forget hangovers. Even a well-behaved happy hour could deplete your fluid levels. Why? Because drinking makes you go to the bathroom. Alcohol inhibits an antidiuretic hormone that would normally send some of the fluid you’re consuming back into the body, and instead sends it to your bladder. Meanwhile, thanks to the diuretic effect of alcohol, your cells shrink, pushing more water out to your bladder. All this lowers your body’s hydration levels, Mass explains. What’s more, since alcohol impairs your ability to sense the early signs of dehydration—such as thirst and fatigue—it’s easy to drink well past your dehydration point.

别说宿醉了,就是墨守成规的幸福时光有节制的怡情小酌也会耗尽你体内的液体含量。你问我为啥?因为喝酒会让你不停的上厕所。酒精会抑制抗利尿激素/后叶加压素的产生,使一部分被吸收后的液体送入膀胱,而不是像平常一样输送回体内。同时,由于酒精的利尿效应,你的细胞会缩水,迫使更多的水分(从你的膀胱排出进入你的膀胱。Mass解释道,所有的这些都会减少体内的水分(/降低你身体的水含)量。此外,由于酒精削弱了你对早期脱水,例如口渴和疲惫的感知度,当你意识到应该开始喝水时,你可能早已经进入脱水状态了(/你很容易在已经越过脱水临界点的时候才觉得缺水。


后叶加压素:(一种由脑垂体后叶分泌的多肽激素,能增强血压,导致尿量减少)



Eating too few fruits and vegetables

水果蔬菜吃的太少


Filling half of your plate at each meal with produce can score you up to two extra cups of water a day. So, put another way, if you don’t eat your five-a-day, and don’t compensate (at least from a fluid perspective) by drinking extra water, you could easily wind up dehydrated.

餐盘里一半的果蔬量可以让你每天多摄取两量杯以上的水分每一餐的果蔬摄入量占一半的的话就相当于每天你多喝了两杯水。换句话说,如果你没有摄入“五个一天”的果蔬量,也不补充(至少从液体的角度)额外的水分,你很有可能轻易的进入脱水状态/就很容易造成脱水

 


Breastfeeding 

哺乳


Breastfeeding is all about moving water—not to mention electrolytes, proteins, minerals, and other ingredients—from mom’s body to baby’s. So of course it can lower your hydration levels, Dr. Guerra says. If you start to have trouble producing, increase your fluids and talk to your doc. It may be a sign of serious dehydration.

说到母乳,就一定会提到水从母亲的体内输送到宝宝的体内。更不必说电解质、蛋白质、矿物质和其他养分的输送。Guerra医生说,理所当然,这可以减少母亲体内的水分,(Guerra医生说)。如果你开始感觉产奶困难,多喝水的同时找你的医生谈谈。这可能是严重脱水的征兆。




This article originally appeared on Health.com.



2014.05.29【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration (1)

2014.05.30【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration (2)

2014.05.30【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration (3)

2014.06.04【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 (4)

2014.06.04【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 (5)



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最后编辑于:2014-06-04 23:21
分类: 英语
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