2014.6.6【中译英】精英大学与普通大学的差异:理念

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发表于:2014-06-06 17:07 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

2014.6.3【中译英】人文科学让人专注于大理念而不拘小节(1)的第二部分:

精英大学与普通大学的差异:理念

Philosophy—the Difference between Elite University and Normal University


1.众所周知,美国的精英大学,毕业生总是最成功的。你仔细调查就明白,越是精英的大学,那里的学生就越务虚不务实。

It’s well-known to us that graduates at the American first-class universities are always the most successful elites. After investigating you will discover that the more excellent university they study at, the more likely they are focusing on the impractical knowledge.


2.以耶鲁大学为例,在过去25年里,历史一直是头号热门专业,历史专业的学生占本科的13%到15%,史景迁的中国史课年年几百人上,已经成为传奇;

Yale University,where history has always been the most popular major, is making up of 13% to 15% of the total undergraduates in the past 25 years. No wonder Professor Shi Jingqian has regarded as the legend by attracting hundreds of students to his Chinese history literature every year.


3.英语一直是四大热门专业之一,在上世纪90年代前半期还是第二热门专业,后来才被经济学和政治学超出;

As one of the top 4 hottest majors in Yale, English kept ranking No.2 in the early half 90th century and fell behind Economics and politics afterwards.


4.而耶鲁的经济学,是高度理论化的人文科学,不是实用学科,耶鲁根本就没有实用的经济(即商务)本科专业。

Instead of practical disciplines, its Economics is so highly theoretical that it never has so-called Utility Economics, also known as Business.


5.哈佛大学前四大热门专业,第一是社会科学,选该专业的人数占本科生的48%;第二是生物,为10%;第三是英语,为8%,第四是心理学,为7%。

In Harvard University, among all the undergraduates, 48% choose Social Science, 10% prefer Biology, 8% select English and 7% pick Psychology, which are four warmest welcomed disciplines while (接下半句)


6.普林斯顿的传统5大专业是政治学、经济学、历史、英语和国际关系。

最近心理学上升,取代了英语,目前最热门的是政治学。

in Princeton, the five main traditional majors are Politics, Economics, History, English and International Relations. However, English was replaced by Psychology recently. Besides, Politics outweigh all the “competitors” and top the list at the moment.


7.传统上,46%的学生集中在这五大专业。最近学校努力推行专业多元化,已初见成效

Traditionally, though these five popular disciplines are the main choices of 46% students,Princetonhas carried out a new plan of major pluralism and had preliminary effects.


8.2005年,选择人文科学专业的学生上涨了15%,选择自然科学专业的学生上涨了7%.

In 2005, the number of those who chose the humanities increased by 15% and Natural Science grew 7%,


8.学生人数上涨率最快的全是人文科学的小系,依次为:研究古希腊罗马的古典系(100%),音乐系(100%),斯拉夫语言与文学系(60%),比较文学系(57%),宗教系(52%)。

among which, the small departments have the rapidest growth rate of students ranking in order as the study on the classical system of ancient Greece and Rome(100%), the Music Department(100%), the Slavic language and Literature Department(60%),the Department of Comparative Literature(75%) and Department of religion(52%).


10.同时,艺术与考古、法文、意大利文,德文等系,学生人数也明显上涨。总的趋势显然和美国一般的大学正好相反:人文科学越来越热。

Meanwhile, obvious rise shows on the number of students who embrace the departments like, Art and Archeology, French, Italian and German etc.The humanity is growing popular. Apparently, American normal universities’ trend is just opposite to this overall one.


11.这样的现象不难解释:这些精英大学,培养的是未来的领袖,要把握大方向,其官话和训练当然必须宏观。

Such phenomenon is easy to explain that these first-class universities aim on culturing the future leaders; therefore, they need to master the main direction and their official speeches and training must be macroscopic.


12.上大学的最基本目标是发现自己,认识世界,反省人类最基本的价值,大学主要是一种精神经历。度过了这样的4年,再想实际问题也不迟。

What the basic goals of receiving higher education are self-discovery, cognition of the world and self-reflection on the fundamental value of human beings. Campus life mainly provides you the spiritual experience. With this 4-year experience, there’s still time to think over the practical matters. 



part3:2014.6.18【中译英】人文科学让人专注于大理念而不拘小节(3)

part1:2014.6.3【中译英】人文科学让人专注于大理念而不拘小节 (1)

最近作业,求点评

http://s.hujiang.com/topic/140317/

2014.05.31【中译英】坐下去,做(1)

2014.05.31【中译英】坐下去,做 (2)

2014.5.31【中译英】笑话四则

2014.6.3【中译英】人文科学让人专注于大理念而不拘小节 (1)



最后编辑于:2014-06-18 20:31
分类: 英语
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