2014.06.06【中译英】美术史学及其性质

发表于:2014-06-06 17:19 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

美术史学及其性质

Art historiography and its nature

美术是人类的一种创造性活动及其成果,是对生活的一种能动的审美的反映。美术作品是基于客观现实之上的人的内在生活(思想、观念、情感)的物化形态。

Art is a kind of creative activity and result of human beings, as well as an active, aesthetic reflection to life. Art work is the physical creation of the inner life of human (thought, value, emotion) which is beyond thingness

美术史则是对美术现象和具体美术作品及与之相关的历史事实的学术性研究,并通过对历史上各个时代的美术的研究,概括各个时代的审美意识和文化特征,把握美术发展的基本规律。

While art historiography refers to academic researches on art phenomenon, specific art work and related history facts. By studying fine arts of different ages, we can generalize the aesthetic consciousness and cultural traits of various times, thus grasping the basic laws of the development of art. 

它是人类知识的一个分支,是人类文明史的重要部分。

Art historiography is a branch of human knowledge and an important part of the history of human civilization.

 

美术作品的存在,并不意味着美术史(指这门学科)的存在。

The emergence of art work didn’t give birth to Art Historiography (Refers to the discipline). 

事实上,在西方,美术史作为一门学科在四百年前才产生,而美术作品在此之前几千年就有了。

In fact, in the western world, art, as a discipline, didn’t exist until 400 years ago, while art works had been existed for several thousand years before. 

相比之下,中国的美术史产生要早些。中国第一部系统的、较科学的绘画史著作《历代名画记》出自于一千多年前的唐人张彦远之手。尽管如此,这与我们具有五千多年的文明史、绘画史相比,也算是年轻的晚辈。

Comparatively, China’s Art Historiography came much early. The Famous Paintings Through the Ages, China’s first systematic and scientific works of painting history, was produced by Zhang Yanyuan of Tang dynasty. Even so, compared with our civilization and painting history which lasted for five thousand years, that book was relatively young. 

艺术史的发展同人类的自身发展是同步的。

The development of art history comes along with human being’s self-development. 

逆流而上,在文明史的长河里去追溯人类时,我们祖先的审美实践的航程,去探寻那一朵朵绮丽的浪花,在历史的坐标上找到今天艺术发展的参照系,以使我们的艺术之舟一往无前地奔向未来,这就是美术史学者的职责,这就是我们学习美术史的目的所在。

When tracing back along the long river of the history of civilization, we can follow our ancestor’s voyage of aesthetic practices, to explore the gorgeous waves of art, and find out from the historic coordinates the reference frame to develop today’s art, keeping our raft of art dash towards the future with indomitable will. These are the duties of Art historians, and the purposes for us to study art history. 


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最后编辑于:2014-06-06 21:56
分类: 英语
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