2014.6.9 【英译中】081 第二次世界大战时美国对哪几国宣战?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-09 14:43 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
81. Who did the United States fight in World War II?
Answer:
Japan, Germany, and Italy
81. 第二次世界大战时美国对哪几国宣战?
日本、德国、和意大利


Explanation:
  World War II, or the Second World War, was truly a global war, or a war that affected the whole world. Most of the powerful countries in the world were involved in the war in one of two alliances (or groups of countries that work together during a war): the Allies and the Axis. The Allies included the United States, the United Kingdom, the USSR (which would later become Russia and other countries), France, and Poland. The Axis included Germany, Italy, and Japan.
  第二次世界大战是真正意义上席卷全球的世界大战。大部分颇有权势的国家都加入了两方联盟:同盟国和轴心国。同盟国包括美国、英国、苏维埃社会主义共和国联盟、法国和波兰。轴心国包括德国、意大利和日本。
  Membership or participation in each of the alliances was fluid, meaning that it changed over time as some countries became part of the Allies and the Axis and other countries left them. The United States was a late entrant to the war, meaning that the U.S. was not one of the first countries in World War II, but began fighting later. Most of the people in the United States wanted the country to follow isolationism, or a type of government that does not get involved in foreign affairs, or things that are happening in other countries. However, on December 7, 1941, Americans changed their mind, or changed what they thought about isolationism.
  两方结盟的成员国并不是固定不变的,随着时间的推移有些新的国家加入同盟国和轴心国,同时又有些国家退出。美国是这场战争的新成员,美国人并没有从一开始就加入战争,是被迫参战的。大部分美国人都希望国家保持孤立主义,不干涉外国内政及事务。然而,1941年12月7日,美国改变了它的立场,或者说改变了他们所谓的孤立主义。
  The United States had a naval base, or a place where the country’s military ships are kept, in a place called Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. On December 7, 1941, Japanese planes attacked (or fought against) Pearl Harbor. The Japanese bombed (or dropped weapons that explode) on Pearl Harbor, destroying many U.S. ships and planes and killing almost 2,400 Americans.
  美国在夏威夷的珍珠港有一个海军基地,那里停泊着大量的军舰。1941年12月7日,日本飞机偷袭珍珠港,他们投掷的炸弹重创美国舰队,大约2400名美国士兵丧命。
  The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor as a preventative measure, or something that might keep something else from happening. Although the United States wasn’t fighting in the war yet, the Japanese knew that the United States might become involved. The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor to try to make it impossible for the United States to enter the war. In fact, however, when they bombed Pearl Harbor, it was the final push, or the last thing that needed to happen, for the United States to decide to enter the war.

  日本把偷袭珍珠港作为一个预防方案,为了确保美国能够参战。尽管当时美国还未卷入第二次世界大战,但日本人有信心一定能使其加入,于是他们就上演了珍珠港事件。事实上,日本偷袭珍珠港为美国加入第二次世界大战加了最后一把力。


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最后编辑于:2014-06-09 14:47
分类: 英语
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