2014.06.11【中译英】中国学生雅思阅读的坏习惯总结(1)

发表于:2014-06-11 14:40 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

中国学生雅思阅读的坏习惯总结
The bad habits of IELTS reading in Chinese Students 


1.音读
Subvocalization 
许多同学都有出声阅读的习惯。出声阅读的主要弊病就是使阅读速度和效率受说话速度的限制。因为,正常默读速度几乎要比出声朗读的速度快两倍以上。
Many students have the manner of reading out. The main drawback is that the speed of utterance will limit reading rate and it's efficiency.Because Normal silent reading speed is more than twice faster than reading aloud. 
另外,出声阅读往往以不同的形式表现出来,有时看见的仅仅是无声地动动嘴唇,有时甚至连嘴唇也不动,只是舌、喉在活动。嘴唇的活动无疑会影响眼睛的扫视速度,"一个有效率的读者能够只要看到印刷符号,就直接获得意思,而不经过声音阶段。"因此,要克服这种不良的阅读习惯,就要训练自己养成通过视觉器官直接感知文字符号的视读能力。
Moreover, reading aloud has many different manners. Sometimes we see the lips moved silently. And sometimes even not, only the tongue and the throat are in the activity. The activities of lips will no doubt effect the scanning speed of eyes. An effective reader can obtain the meaning just from the printed mark instead of sound stage. Hence in order to conquer the bad reading habit, you have to train yourself the ability of visual reading which can directly percept letter symbol through the visual organ.
2.心读
Heart-reading 
心读是一种很难观察到的阅读习惯。心读时,人体的任何部位,不论嘴、头或声带都没有动,只存在一种说话的内在形式:学生在内心里始终自言自语,清晰地发出并听着每个字音。
Heart-reading is hard to observe. Heart-reading is hard to observe. When Heart-reading any organs include lips, head and vocal cords did not move. Heart-reading is a inner form of utterance. Students always speak to themselves in their minds. And make a sound clearly listening to every pronunciation. 
这种毛病亦是一种很坏的阅读习惯,它直接影响到阅读的速度和效率,并且矫正起来又比较困难。采用强制自己深入理解文章内容的同时,又强制自己加快阅读速度的方法一般能逐渐克服这种坏习惯。采用强制自己深入理解文章内容的同时,又强制自己加快阅读速度的方法一般能逐渐克服这种坏习惯。
The defect is also a bad reading manner. The habit directly impact the speed and efficience of reading. And it is hard to adjust. To overcome the manner, you have to inforce yourself to comprehend the contents of article, and at the same time speed up reading rate.

最后编辑于:2014-06-11 14:50
分类: 英语
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