2014.6.18【英译中】Why Friday the 13th Is Unlucky为什么黑色星期五是不吉利的?

loislotus
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译犹未尽
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发表于:2014-06-18 13:09 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
I HAVE before me the abstract of a 1993 study published in the British Medical Journal provocatively titled "Is Friday the 13th Bad for Your Health?"
With the aim of mapping "the relation between health, behaviour, and superstition surrounding Friday 13th in the United Kingdom," its authors compared the ratio of traffic volume to the number of automobile accidents on two different days, Friday the 6th and Friday the 13th, over a period of years.
在我之前,有一篇1993年发布在《英国医学杂志》上,标题为“黑色星期五对你的健康有害吗?”的文章摘要。其中提到:出于了解“英国境内,人们的健康、行为与围绕黑色星期五迷信三者之间关系”的信息的目的,文章的作者,把不同年份的,两个不同日期的,即六号星期五和十三号星期五,事故发生率进行了对比(即车祸事故数量与道路交通流量的比率)。


Amazingly, they found that in the region sampled, while consistently fewer people chose to drive their cars on Friday the 13th, the number of hospital admissions due to vehicular accidents was significantly higher than on "normal" Fridays. Their conclusion:
"Friday 13th is unlucky for some. The risk of hospital admission as a result of a transport accident may be increased by as much as 52 percent. Staying at home is recommended."
令人惊讶地是,他们在一个地区样本中发现,尽管有越来越少的人选择在黑色星期五驾车出行,但是由车祸而住院的入院率却是显著地高于普通的星期五。他们的结论是:黑色星期五对某些人是不吉利的。由交通事故而导致的入院风险提高了52%之多。呆在家是个好建议。


Paraskevidekatriaphobics — people afflicted with a morbid, irrational fear of Friday the 13th — will be pricking up their ears about now, buoyed by evidence that the source of their unholy terror might not be so irrational after all. It's unwise to take solace in a single scientific study, however, especially one so peculiar. These statistics may have more to teach us about human psychology than the ill-fated-ness of any particular date on the calendar.
现在,黑色星期五症候群患者——对黑色星期五抱有一种病态的、不理智的恐惧的人,已不会一听到黑色星期五就竖起他们的耳朵;有证据表明对这一迷信的恐惧或许也不是如此的不理智。不管如何,在一项科学研究中,尤其是一项如此奇怪的科学研究中,这样自我安慰是不明智的。这些数据告诉我们更多的是有关人类的心理特点,而不是日历上标明的,会命运多舛的特殊日子。


Friday the 13th, 'the most widespread superstition'
黑色星期五——流传最广泛的迷信


The sixth day of the week and the number 13 both have foreboding reputations said to date from ancient times, and their inevitable conjunction from one to three times a year portends more misfortune than some credulous minds can bear. According to phobia specialist (and coiner of the term paraskevidekatriaphobia) Dr. Donald Dossey, it's the most widespread superstition in the United States today. Some people refuse to go to work on Friday the 13th; some won't eat in restaurants; many wouldn't think of setting a wedding on that date.
从古时候起,一周的第六天和数字13就有不祥之兆的名声,而且如果一年之中两者不可避免地重合次数从一变成了三,这就预示着将有那些盲目轻信的人无法承受的、更多的不幸发生。根据恐惧症专家(黑色星期五说法的创造者)唐纳·多斯博士的研究,这是当今美国流传最广泛的迷信说法。一些人拒绝在黑色星期五工作,一些人不会在这一天去餐馆吃饭;许多人不会在这天结婚。


How many Americans at the beginning of the 21st century suffer from this condition? According to Dossey, the figure may be as high as 21 million. If he's right, no fewer than eight percent of Americans remain in the grips of a very old superstition.
有多少美国人在二十一世纪初遭受这种境况?根据多斯的说法,这个数字或许有两千一百万那么高。如果他是正确的,那么就有不少于百分之八的美国人仍受这古老迷信的影响。


Exactly how old is difficult to say, because determining the origins of superstitions is an inexact science, at best. In fact, it's mostly guesswork.
怎样算古老是很难说的,往好的说是因为确定迷信的起源是一门不精确的科学;而事实上,它主要是猜测。


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最后编辑于:2014-06-18 15:13
分类: 英语
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