2014.06.19【中译英】连年就业难的冷思考:结构性就业尴尬何解?(六)

ydyinglluk (Erin) 译坛新秀
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发表于:2014-06-19 20:45 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

“在今后相当长的时间内,随着大学毕业生的增多,中国新增劳动力市场的就业问题主要就是大学生就业问题。”张车伟说,国家层面将就业政策向大学生群体倾斜,这是着眼长远的考虑,但是,根本上解决大学生就业问题,破解中国就业市场的结构性矛盾,需要全方位的深层改革。

“The main problem ofChina’s unemployment problems in its incremented labor market is the employment of college grads in a long term for the increasing number of this crowd.” Zhang Chewei said, The tilt of policy towards college crowds in a national level is a long-term consideration. However, to fundamentally resolve the problems of college grads unemployment needs an overhaul inChina’s constructional contradiction in Chinese labor market.

谈及今年推出的鼓励大学生创业的新举措,熊丙奇说,“上世纪90年代我们就开始鼓励大学生创业,但是现在大学生毕业生中创业占比也就1%左右,而且创业成功率较低。因为,我们的教育没有贯穿地体现创业意识和创业能力培养,所以,到毕业的时候再去鼓励创业,很难有成效。”

And asked about the new measures about encouraging college student startups, Xiong commented, “Since 1990s, we have been encouraging college grads to start their own business, but from s far, people who willing to try is just about 1% among all the college grads and the rate of success of self-employment is also low. The reason accounted for this is our education hasn’t integrated the sense of self-employment, neither the ability of it. That’s why there is less efficient to encourage grads to start their own business.

除了教育的改革和经济的转型,《人民日报》5月14日刊发评论文章,关注大学生的就业环境。文章针对当前大学生的择业观连发三问:如果中西部地区工资水平与东部地区的差距越来越大,怎么能让高校毕业生心生向往?如果中小企业普遍经营困难、甚至岗位的稳定性都无法保证,怎么能吸引高校毕业生的目光?如果小城市和大城市在医疗、教育等公共服务方面始终存在巨大差距,怎么能让高校毕业生主动走向基层?

Besides the reform of education and transform in economy, the commentary article issued by China Daily on May 14th, concerned about the environment of college students’ employment. This article asked three questions about the reasons for college students choosing jobs: If the gap of incomes between mid-western areas and eastern areas continues to expand, how could college grads be willing to work in these areas? If the current difficulties commonly existed in middle and small-sized enterprises and the stability of jobs cannot be proved, how could students with high education background put eyes on these places? If the gigantic gaps in basic public service, such as medication and education, still remain between small-scale cities and big cities, how could students graduated from higher institutions want to work in grass-rooted area?

受访专家表示,应对大学生就业难,大学生本身要有清晰的自身定位和务实的择业观,不要盲目选择,要有自己的职业发展规划。但是,长远解决大学生就业难的“治本”之道,必须以调整经济结构和深化高教改革为重点,同时通过用人机制、保障机制等全方位的社会改革,多方合力创造公平、良好的就业竞争环境。

To Deal with the unemployment among college grads, a clear self definition and pragmatic sense of job selection for college students themselves are needed. Keeping away of blind eyed selection and creating a plan for future career development fits themselves. However, adjusting the economical structure and in-depth reform in education must be put in a prominent place in solving the unemployment of college students in a long term, meanwhile an overall reform which including the reform concerns employment mechanism and social security mechanism is also needed. Joint efforts must be made to establish an environment of employment which is fair and benign.

字数统计:1214

最后编辑于:2014-06-19 20:46
分类: 英语
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