2014.6.20 【英译中】混合经济:美国的经济制度【一】

发表于:2014-06-20 00:38 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

A Mixed Economy:the United States System

混合经济:美国的经济制度

 

The economy system of the United States is principally privately owned.

美国的经济制度主要是私有制经济。

This system is often referred to as the "free enterprise system" and can be contrasted to a socialist economy, which depends heavily on government planning and on public ownership of the means of production.

私有制经济经常被称为是”自由企业制度“。与它相对的是社会主义经济制度。社会主义经济主要依赖于政府计划和生产资料的公有制。

It should be noted that although the United States operates a system of private enterprise,government has to some extent always been involved in regulating and guiding the American economy.

值得注意的是,虽然美国实行的是私人企业制度,但是政府在一定程度上总是参与调控和指导美国的经济。

Yet despite this history of government intervention,individuals in the United States have always been able to choose for whom they will work and what they will buy.

尽管政府历来干预经济,但是美国,人人都能够选择他们想要为谁工作,他们想要买些什么。

Most important,they vote for officials who will set economic policy.

更为重要的是,他们可以投票选举制定经济政策的官员。

 

Traditionally,the system has been referred to as an"market economy."

传统上,这种经济制度一直被称为是”市场经济“。

Now desicions are made by three groups and it is their dynamic interaction that makes the economy function.

在市场经济中,做出决策的是三部分人,正是由于他们的之间相互能动关系才能让经济得以运转。

Consumers,producers and government make economic decisions on a daily basis,the primary force being between producers and consumers;hence the market economy designation.

消费者,生产者还有政府每天都做出经济决策。而主要动力则来自于生产者和消费者之间,因而就有了”市场经济’这个名称。

 

Consumers look for the best values for what they spend while producers seek the best price and profit for what they have to sell.

消费者花钱的时候,总想获得最大的价值,而生产者则是想要从他们所卖出去的产品中获得更高的价格和利润。

Government,at the federal,state,and local level,seeks to promote the public security,assure fair competition,and provide a range of services believed to be better performed by public rather than private enterprises.

联邦,州和地方各级政府要做的就是提升公共安全,确保公平竞争,并提供一系列服务。相信这些服务性事业由公有企业来办要比私有企业来办更好。

Some of these public services included education,the postal (but  not the telephone)service,the road system,social statistical reporting and,of course,national defense.

其中一些公共服务事业包括教育,邮政(但是不包括电话)服务,道路系统,社会统计报告,当然,还有国防。

 

字数:491

 

http://2014.06.20 【英译中】混合经济:美国的经济制度【二】-英语翻译-爱翻不凡-沪江论坛hujiang.com

 

 

 

最后编辑于:2014-06-22 21:02
分类: 英语
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