2014.06.22【英译中】一天一苹果真的预防痴呆么【20】

朵朵有致 (LattegIan) 译坛小生
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发表于:2014-06-22 22:00 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
Does an Apple a Day Keep Dementia Away?

一天一苹果真的预防痴呆么?


Apples have been  as not only a delicious fruit, but also as an effective way to improve your health. Research suggests that eating apples can benefit your heart, your teeth, and your energy level. Eating a higher amount of fruits and vegetables in general has also been associated with a lower risk for chronic diseases including coronary heart disease, asthma, diabetes, cancer and perhaps even Alzheimer's disease.

苹果不仅因其美味倍受热捧,而且对健康有十分有利的影响。研究表明多吃苹果让你心好,牙好,精气神好(精力充沛)。一般说来,多吃蔬菜水果能降低患慢性病的危险/能降低慢性病的发病风险/降低罹患冠心病、哮喘、糖尿病、癌症和老年痴呆等慢性病的风险。


So, is it true that apples are a super fruit? Do they impact the health and functioning of your brain? The research is limited, but it does show some promise.
那么,苹果真的是万能水果么?它们真的能影响大脑健康和机能么?关于这方面的研究有限,不过确实有这种可能。


A Review of 3 Research Studies
三项研究的回顾
The Effect of Apples on Memory
苹果对记忆的影响
One study published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease involved older mice who were fed a deficient diet. These mice then demonstrated a decline in their cognitive ability shown by poor performance in navigating a maze. However, after apple juice was added to their drinking water for a month, their memory was restored and they were able to efficiently navigate the maze again. (Often, research on mice translates to humans, which would suggest that apple juice may improve our memory.)

一项发表于《阿兹海默症杂志》的课题研究了一组年老的老鼠在食物不足的条件下的行为。随后进行的迷宫测试中,这些老鼠表现欠佳,显示出认知能力的下降。然而,把苹果汁加到老鼠的食谱里一个月后,它们的记忆力恢复到原来的水平且又能走出迷宫了。(老鼠进行的研究常能反映到人类身上,也就是说,苹果汁也能提高我们的记忆力。)


How Do Apples Affect the Actual Health of the Brain?
苹果是如何影响大脑的实际健康的?
A second study found that the actual brain structure was affected in mice whose drinking water included apple juice. The mice's brains were examined and found to contain a decreased level of beta amyloid protein, as compared to the brains of mice whose drinking water had not contained apple juice. The accumulation and excess of this protein in the brain is one of the hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease.

第二项研究发现喝加了苹果汁的水会影响老鼠的实际大脑结构。研究发现,饮用加苹果汁的水的老鼠所含β-脑内淀粉样蛋白少于不加苹果汁的水的老鼠。而这种蛋白在脑内的积聚和过剩是阿兹海默症的显著特征。


Will Eating an Apple Right Before a Test Help You Perform Better?
在测试前吃个苹果会让你表现更佳么?
A third study tested the immediate effects of apples and spinach (both separately and together) and found no change in the cognitive functioning of the participants right after eating the foods. The study did not, however, measure if a sustained diet that included apples affected cognition or risk of dementia over time.

第三项研究检验了吃完苹果和菠菜(分别吃和同时吃)立竿见影的效果,发现参加者的认知能力并没有改变。然而这项研究并没有测试长期坚持吃苹果对认知能力的影响或罹患痴呆的风险。


@等待狸猫   @ydyinglluk

拜托二位啦~~~我又来渣渣了(づ ̄3 ̄)づ╭❤~

最后编辑于:2014-06-22 22:01
分类: 英语
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