2014.06.24【中译英】近代史纲要节选(1)

RunnerTracy (MFA161-A21) 初涉译坛
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发表于:2014-06-24 01:38 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

嘿嘿,终于开始了这段旅程……

近代史纲要,神书,中华传奇课本。

就是这样~~


反侵略战争的失败及其原因

The failures and causes of anti-aggression wars

1840年至1919年的80年间,中国人民对外来侵略进行了英勇顽强的反抗,这些斗争具有重大的历史作用。但是,历次的反侵略战争是以中国失败、中国政府被迫签订丧权辱国的条约而告终的。其原因,如前所述,从中国内部因素来分析,主要有一下两个方面:一是社会制度的腐败,一是经济技术的落后。而前者则是更根本的原因。因为正是由于社会制度的腐败,才使得经济技术落后的状况长期得不到改变。

During the 80 years from 1840-1919, Chinese people had been strongly against foreign invasion with bravery and persistence, which played an important role in the history. However, nearly every anti aggression war ended in failures and contracts which were signed by Chinese government and surrendered a country’s sovereign rights under humiliating terms. In terms of China’s inner causes, there are two main reasons: one is the corrupt social system, the other is the decline of economy and technology, and the former is more fundamental, that is to say, because of the social system, the terrible condition of economy and technology remained for an extremely long time.

社会制度的腐败 1840年以后,中国封建社会逐步变成了半殖民地半封建社会。统治中国的清王朝,从皇帝到权贵,大都昏庸愚昧,不了解世界大势,不懂得御敌之策。许多官员贪污腐化,克扣军饷。不少将帅贪生怕死,临阵脱逃。他们大多害怕拥有坚船利炮的外国侵略者,甚至为了自己的私利,不惜出卖国家和民族的利益。他们尤其害怕人民群众,担心人民群众动员起来以后可能危及自身的统治,所以,常常压制与破坏人民群众和爱国官兵的反侵略斗争。在这样腐败的政府领导和指挥下的战争,怎么可能不失败?

The corruption of social system  After the year of 1840, China was turned from the feudal society to a semi-colonial and semi-feudal society. In the Qing government, ruler of China, emperors, bureaucrats and nobles were fatuous and ignorant, they were unaware of the world’s general trends of events, and had no knowledge of how to cope with invaders. Many officials were corrupt and even skimped soldiers’ pay and provisions. Some generals were mortally afraid of death and chickened out. Most of them were afraid of those foreign invaders who possessed strong weapons. What was worse, they betrayed our country and nationality for their own sakes. However, they were extremely afraid of the masses, and they worried that once the masses were motivated they would do harm to their reign. In consideration of this, they often suppressed and damaged anti-aggression wars started by the masses and patriotic soldiers. China was at wars which were badly guided by such government leaders, that’s why China failed in those wars.

字数:412字

分类: 英语
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