2014.06.27【中译英】中国美术发展史的基本特点4

发表于:2014-06-27 16:07 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

3,  发展的不平衡性(续)

有一点我们应注意,在观照每一个时期的美术时,不能只将以前某一阶层、某一个流派的人的评判作为我们评判的唯一尺度,而更重要的是应站在历史的制高点上,审视那曾经存在的全部事实,这样才能不被前人的“定论”引向偏见,譬如,我们不穿过历史的烟云去鸟瞰中国古代雕塑的艺术长廊,而仅从文人的著述中去窥探,无疑是难以领略它的辉煌与壮丽的。

When studying art of each era, we should avoid judging it only by the criteria of a certain circle, or a certain art school of that time, instead, we should take the entire facts ever existed into consideration, from a commanding height of the history. Only in this way, can we avoid the prejudice concluded by the predecessors. For instance, if we didn’t observe Chinese ancient sculptures through the art gallery of history, but simply from writings of scholars, it is no doubt difficult for us to appreciate the splendor and magnificence of it.

 

同样,在许多个时期,民间美术的成就并不逊色于宫廷绘画或文人画,而因著述者的偏见往往忽略不录,这样,也容易使我们得出关于某个时期美术发展“不平衡”的结论。

Similarly, in many periods, the achievements of folk arts were no inferior to that of court paintings or painting of man-of-letters, however, authorships didn’t record folk arts into file due to their prejudices, which also easily lead us to a conclusion that the art of that period developed “unevenly”. 

美术发展的不平衡性是由社会的、经济的或人们审美观念意识的变化、甚至是统治者的好恶等等诸多因素造成的。

The uneven development of art was subject to many factors, such as the changes of society, economy or people’s aesthetic awareness, even the tastes of rulers and so on. 

但是,有一点是基本可以肯定的,就是在一个稳定而强盛的时代,美术的各个门类及各个区域的美术相对来说能得到平衡的发展,汉代美术的盛世,唐代美术的“灿烂求备”的局面,都证明了这一点。

However, there is one thing we can confirm, that is, in a stable, powerful and prosperous era, the development of art of various categories and in different regions were relatively balance. This statement proved by the flourish art throughout Han Dynasty, and the situation of colourful and splendid art of Tang Dynasty.  


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