2014.06.12 【英译中】HOW TO Win Friends AND Influence People(7)

Woobinxi (呜呜) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-27 21:43 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
Even after Lincoln had become a practicing lawyer in Springfield, Illinois, he attacked his opponents openly in letters published in the newspapers. But he did this just once too often.
甚至是在林肯成为了伊利诺斯州普林菲尔德市的一名执业律师后,他还会在报纸上 公开发表信件攻击他的对手。但是有一次他做过了头。


In the autumn of 1842 he ridiculed a vain, pugnacious politician by the name of James Shields. Lincoln lamned him through an anonymous letter published in Springfield Journal The town roared with laughter.

在1842年的秋天,他奚落了一个虚荣而又好斗的政客,这个政客名叫詹姆士 希尔兹。林肯通过匿名信的方式在斯普林菲尔德杂志上抨击了他。整个城市都充斥着对希尔兹的嘲笑。


Shields, sensitive and proud, boiled with indignation.He found out who wrote the letter, leaped on his horse, started after Lincoln, and challenged him to fight a duel. Lincoln didn’t want to fight. He was opposed to dueling, but he couldn’t get out of it and save his honor. He was given the choice of weapons. Since he had very long arms, he chose cavalry broadswords and took lessons in sword fighting from a West Point graduate; and, on the appointed day, he and Shields met on a sandbar in the Mississippi River, prepared to fight to the death; but, at the last minute, their seconds interrupted and stopped the duel.

 敏感而骄傲的希尔兹暴跳如雷。他查出了是谁写的这封信后立即跳上他的马,追在林肯身 后挑衅,要与他进行一场决斗。林肯并不想应战,他十分反感决斗,但是拒绝决斗就无法保住他的名誉。武器是由林肯来选择,鉴于他的胳膊很长,林肯选择了骑兵刀,并向一位西 点军校的毕业军官求教。到了约定的那天,他们在密西西比河的一个沙堤上碰面,准备决一死战,但是在最后的时刻,他们被临时打断,停止了决斗。


That was the most lurid personal incident in Lincoln’s life. It taught him an invaluable lesson in the art of dealing with people. Never again did he write an insulting letter Never again did he ridicule anyone. And from that time on, he almost never criticized anybody for anything.

这是林肯的一生中最骇人的个人事件。这件事在与人交往的艺术上给他上了极其宝贵 的一课。(从此)他再未写过一封冒犯别人的书信,也再未奚落过任何人。并且从那 以后,他几乎没再为任何事指责过任何人。


Time after time, during the Civil War, Lincoln put a new general at the head of the Army of the Potomac, and each one in turn - McClellan, Pope, Burnside, Hooker,Meade - blundered tragically and drove Lincoln to pacing the floor in despair. Half the nation savagely condemned these incompetent generals, but Lincoln, “with malice toward none, with charity for all, ”held his peace. One of his favorite quotations was “Judge not, that ye be not judged.”
在内战期间,林肯任命了一个又一个的新任上将作为波多马克军团首领,但可悲的是他 们中的每一个,麦克莱伦、波普、伯恩赛德、虎克、米德,都犯下了错误,林肯为此 一次次在房间里沮丧的踱步。半数的国民都在疯狂的抨击这些无能的上将,但是林肯 却坚持他的和平主张:“不对任何人有恶意,就是对所有人的仁慈。”他最爱的名言 之一就是;“不论断,就不会被论断,”


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