20140703【英译中】【独立博客】思考的方法:列出所有选项(上)13句

冰绪 (冰绪) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-07-03 01:55 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

  

Tools of thought, #1: List the alternatives

思考的工具方法No.1:列出所有选项


来自 Michael 的博客 


 

Several people lately have told me that they think I'm good at explaining complicated things and debating complex issues. In the next few Notebook entries, I want to reveal some of my tools of thought and explanation. You can decide for yourself whether they're good ones.

最近许多人有些人告诉我说,他们觉得我很擅长解释复杂的东西事物,辩论复杂的事项议题。在接下来的几篇文章中,我想透露一些自己关于思考与解释的方法。你可以自己判断它们是否有用。



Tool of thought #1 is to list the alternative possibilities. That is, decide what you're trying to choose between. Typically, this will be something like half a dozen alternatives, not just two. 

第一个思考工具就是列出所有的可能选项可能的选项。即是说,决定你应该从什么之中去选择。特别是当你有一堆选项,而非二选一的时候。通常来说,会有约6个选项,而非只有2个。            



A common mistake is to think that the first two possibilities that you think of are the only ones. In fact, it's important to keep asking whether there's an important one that you haven't thought of yet. 

一个常规错误常见的错误是认为你首先想到的两个选项两种可能性就是唯一的选项仅有的那两个。事实上,有一点非常重要,那就是继续不断地问自己,在你还没有考虑到的那些选项中,它们是否的确是重要的。是否还有其他重要的选项没有考虑到。                                        



Making a list can help you ask the question because it can suggest what form another alternative might take.

制作一个列表能帮助你提出这些问题,因为它能够指出还能够形成哪些选项。



For example, once, when reading a paper about the abortion controversy, I focused on the question, "When does the fetus acquire human rights?" and named the possibilities: suddenly at conception, suddenly at birth, suddenly at some other time, or gradually. 

譬如说,曾经有一次,我正在阅读当读到一篇关于堕胎争论的报道章时我聚焦在一个问题上,我主要关注这样一个问题, “胎儿从何时开始获得人权”,并列出几种可能:从受孕开始、从出生开始、从其他时间开始,或逐渐逐步取得。



If you choose "gradually," you have to say what it means to have only partial human rights. If you choose "suddenly at some other time" you have to say what time and give a good reason for it. And so on — you see how the list helps you reason about the issue.

如果你选择“逐渐取得”,你必须得说出拥有部分人权是什么含义。如果你选择“从其他的某个时间开始”你必须说出是从什么时间开始,并给出充分的理由。等等等等以此类推——你能就看出一个列表如何帮助你理清事项推理的 。



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最后编辑于:2014-07-29 02:15
分类: 英语
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