2014.7.5【英译中】097 国旗上为什么会有50颗小星?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-07-05 23:16 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?  
Answer:   
•  Because there is one star for each state  
•  Because each star represents a state  
•  Because there are 50 states 
97.国旗上为什么会有50颗小星?
一颗星就是一个州
每颗星都代表了一个州
总共用50个州


Explanation:   
    The design (or plan) for the flag of the United States has changed 26 times in the country’s short history. When the Declaration of Independence was written, the United States didn’t have a flag. The first flag was adopted (or chosen to be used) on June 14, 1777. Now we commemorate (or remember) that day by celebrating June 14 as Flag Day every year. 
    美国国旗的设计在美国那么短的历史上被修改了26次。《独立宣言》起草的时候还没有美国国旗。国旗第一次定下来是在1777年6月14日,我们把这天定为国旗日,并在每年的6月14日进行庆祝。
    Most Americans are taught and believe that a woman named Betsy Ross designed and sewed (or made from fabric) the first U.S. flag. Most historians think that she actually didn’t do this, but it has become a popular story among Americans. The story is so commonplace (or popular and easy to find) that the first U.S. flag is usually called “the Betsy Ross flag.”  
    大部分美国人都普遍认为是贝特西·罗斯女士设计和缝制了第一面美国国旗。很多历史学家都不这么认为,但是美国人普遍都已经接受了。这个故事广为流传,人们就把第一面美国国旗称为“贝特西·罗斯旗”。
    The Betsy Ross flag had the same 13 red and white horizontal stripes (or lines that run from left to right) as the U.S. flag does today. But it had fewer stars. In 1777, when the flag was made, there were only 13 states, so the flag had only 13 stars, with one for each state. The stars were in a circle on top of the blue part of the flag. 
    贝特西·罗斯旗和现在的美国国旗上都有一样的13道红白相间的横条纹。但上面的星数要少得多。1777年缝制国旗的时候还只有13个州,每一颗星都代表了一个州。这些星在旗面的上部蓝色区域围成了一个圈。
    As the United States grew and more pieces of land became states, the U.S. flag had to be redesigned (or designed again) to have more stars, keeping the tradition (or the way things have always been done) of having one star for each state. The first design change was made in 1795, when two stars were added for the two new states of Kentucky and Vermont. That flag also had 15 stripes. 
    随着美国的不断扩张,州的数量也不断增长,根据传统的观念(每颗星代表一个州)就需要加入更多的星,于是就决定重新设计美国国旗。第一次的设计更改发生在1795年,有两个新州加入:肯塔基州和福蒙特州。同时条纹数也增加到15条。
    But as the country continued to grow and there were more states, Congress (or the lawmaking part of the U.S. government) decided that the number of stars should increase with the number of states, but that there should always be only 13 stripes. These stripes represented the 13 original colonies, or areas of land controlled by Great Britain that later became states.   
    但是随着国家继续扩张,旗面上的星星也越来越多,国会通过一项决议:星星的数量可以随着州数量而增加,但是只能有13道条纹,代表13个最初的英属殖民地,后来都成为了美国的州。
    The current 50-star flag has been the official design, or the one approved by the U.S. government, since 1960. However, some people are already looking to the future, or making plans for what might happen in the future. They have designed 51-star flags that could be used if and when another state is incorporated (or becomes part of the United States). 

    1960年之后,现今的50星国旗被美国政府正式采用了。然而,一些人已经开始着眼于未来了,他们设计了51星的国旗以备将来又会有一个州被并入美国。

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