20140706【英译中】【独立博客】思考的方法:辨识无意义的字句(1)15句

冰绪 (冰绪) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-07-06 18:12 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Tools of thought, #3:

Recognize that words and phrases can be meaningless

思考的方法No.3:辨识无意义的字句


来自 Michael 的博客




Today's Tool of Thought is a very important one, but it takes a while to explain. Please bear with me.

今天的“思考的方法”非常重要的一个非常重要,但需要花点时间来解释。还请大家包涵。



What I want to demonstrate is that nice-sounding words and phrases can be meaningless even if they sound nice and seem to convey something deep.

我想要论证的是,动听的字句有时候并无意义,尽管它们听起来既动人又貌似深刻。

动听的词语和句子尽管听起来很舒服,而且似乎传达出某种深意,但它们有时候毫无意义。

(another OPT from  @微笑sunnyma



Although this may be new to you, it is uncontroversial. There is some controversy about what it implies (for instance, I think A. J. Ayer went too far in equating meaningfulness with sense-perception), but the key insight is undisputed.

这种说法也许对你来说比较新鲜,但它是无可非议的。关于意义的含义的确存在一些争执(例如说,我认为A.J.Ayer将意义与感知等同起来的观点就走的太远),但其核心观点毋须质疑。



Before using English, I want to give you some examples using the language of mathematical symbols. 

在用英语解释之前,我想用数学符号的语言来给你举几个例子。



We all know that  (8 / 2) + (9 / 3)  is a formula that makes sense and evaluates to 7. 

众所周知(8 / 2) + (9 / 3)是一个有意义的公式,它等于7。( from @薄荷家的喵 喵~~w )



Just as obviously, ) ) 8 2 / / + 9 3 ( (  is not a formula in this language; it uses the right symbols but does not put them together in the right way. The parentheses are not paired up, and the operators + and / are not between the numbers they operate on. This "formula" means nothing.

而显而易见, ) ) 8 2 / / + 9 3 ( (  在这种语言中并不是一个公式;它使用了正确的符号但没有按照正确的顺序来排列它们。表达式中的括号没有对应起来,而且运算符“+”和“/”没有置于它们运算的数字之间。这个“公式”没有意义。



Now look at this one: (8 / 0) + (9 / 0)

现在来看看这一个:(8 / 0) + (9 / 0)



Here the formula is constructed properly but is still meaningless. The problem is that division by zero is not an operation; you can write symbols that say to divide by zero, but you can't actually do it. (I'm talking about ordinary high-school arithmetic; I know about NaN and Inf in computer languages; that's not the point.) Thus, the formula does not evaluate to a number.

这个公式组合得极为正确,但它仍然没有意义。问题在于被除数不能为零;你能够写一个符号说它除以零,但你并不能实际做到这一点。(这里我说的是普通高中的算数;我知道计算机语言中的NaN和Inf;这并不是重点)这样,这个公式并不能等于求出一个数。


to be continue...


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最后编辑于:2014-07-16 02:33
分类: 英语
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