2014.07.07【英译中】心理学文献节选-1

薄荷家的喵 (薄荷) 译坛新秀
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发表于:2014-07-07 22:14 [只看楼主] [划词开启]


        These neuroimaging studies are broadly consistent with a small number of electrophysiological studies that have begun to delineate the early time course of attentional allocation to infant facial stimuli. It has been reported that mothers demonstrate event-related poten- tial (ERP) patterns indicative of increased attentional allocation to theirown child’s face compared to the faces of other children or adults (Grasso, Moser, Dozier & Simons, 2009). 

        这些神经成像研究大致符合少数电生理学研究,已经开始描述早期婴儿对面部刺激的注意力分配。据报道,母亲展示出于事件相关的潜在资源计划(ERP)模式指示时,相对于其他的儿童或成人,她们自己的孩子的注意力分配有所增加(Grasso,Moser,Dozier&Simons,2009)。


        In line with the fMRI findings, ERP studies have also reported differential processing of unfamiliar infant faces in parents compared to non- parents (although see Noll, Mayes & Rutherford, 2012). 

        根据功能磁共振成像(FMRI)调查结果,ERP调查还报道了已为父母和非父母对于陌生婴儿面孔不同的反应(although see Noll,Mayes&Rutherford,2012)。


        Proverbio and colleagues reported greater neural response in mothers compared to non-mothers to infant facial expression; it is suggested that this may reflect a greater empathic response or increased arousal to infant faces in parents (Proverbio, Brignone, Matarazzo, Del Zotto & Zani, 2006). 

        Proverbio和同事们称,比起非父母,父母们对婴儿面部表情的神经反应更为强烈;这暗示了父母对婴儿面部可能有更大的移情反应和更多的意识(Proverbio, Brignone, Matarazzo, Del Zotto & Zani, 2006)。


        Interestingly, the neural response in the parents was influenced by the degree of infant distress, an effect not seen in the non-parent group. These neurobiological findings suggest that attentional allocation to infant faces should differ at the behavioural level in parents compared to non-parents. 

        有趣的是,这种神经反应被婴儿表情程度影响的现象,却并未在非父母当中体现出来。这些神经生物学的发现表明父母与非父母受婴儿表情的影响程度应当是不同的。


        However, even among parents individual differences in attentional processing of infant facial cues are likely. Symptoms of depression or stress, as well as the nature of the maternal–infant relationship, are thought to partly account for these differences. 

         然而,即使在父母当中,不同人对于婴儿面部线索的处理的差异性也是相似的。正如母婴关系的天性,抑郁症被看作是引起这些差异的原因之一。


        For example, Pearson and colleagues, in their go/no-go study of pregnant women, also investigated the influence of depression symptoms on processing infant affect. They found that non-depressed pregnant women took longer to disengage attention from distressed compared with non-distressed infant faces, but no such effect was observed in women experiencing depressive symptoms (Pearson et al., 2010). 

        例如,在对孕妇go/no-go的课题中,Pearson和同事们也研究了抑郁症对人们在对待婴儿方面的影响。他们发现,相较于令人舒适的幼儿表情,没有抑郁症的孕妇需要花费更多时间来摆脱表情哀伤的婴儿对她们的影响,但是在抑郁的孕妇中,这种现象并未出现 (Pearson 等人, 2010)。


        Thus, the presence of depressive symptoms may moder- ate attentional processing of infant cues. This would be consistent with a broader literature of behavioural and observational studies that have suggested that symptoms of depression correlate with maternal insensitivity to infant cues and to poor quality caregiving (e.g.© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd 36 Chloe Thompson-Booth et al. Brockington, Aucamp & Fraser, 2006; Laurent & Ablow, 2012; Murray, Fiori-Cowley, Hooper & Cooper, 1996; Murray & Cooper, 2003).

        所以,抑郁症也许会适度处理婴儿细微表情。这将与一个更广泛的文学行为的观察研究相一致,表明了压抑的情绪关系到母亲对于婴儿面部观察的不敏锐及匮乏的照顾能力(e.g. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd 36 Chloe Thompson-Booth等人.Brockington, Aucamp & Fraser, 2006; Laurent & Ablow, 2012; Murray, Fiori-Cowley, Hooper & Cooper, 1996; Murray & Cooper, 2003)。


2014.07.07【英译中】心理学文献节选-2

2014.07.07【英译中】心理学文献节选-3


最后编辑于:2014-07-08 00:05
分类: 英语
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