2014.07.07【英译中】心理学文献节选-3

薄荷家的喵 (薄荷) 译坛新秀
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发表于:2014-07-07 23:12 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

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        The type of face was varied such that response times to adult versus infant faces were measured. In addition, we varied the affect of the target and non-target faces. 

        脸庞的类型会变化,这样就可以测量比较成人脸和婴儿脸的回答时间。此外,我们使目标脸和非目标脸的情绪多样化。


        Slower responses to an emotional target face as compared to neutral conditions would be consistent with greater attentional interference. 

        相较于中立情况,对一张情绪化的目标脸回答更慢,这意味着更大的注意力干扰。


        Slower responses in the presence of emotional non-target faces as compared to neutral conditions would suggest greater attentional capture. 

        而相较于中立情况,对一张情绪化的非目标脸的更慢回答,则暗示着更大的注意力占据。


        Advantages of this type of paradigm include the fact that face age and affect are completely independent of the eye-colour-based search task and that the face stimuli do not appear at fixation (Hodsoll et al., 2011). 

        这种类型的范本的优越性包括面部的年龄和情绪完全不依赖于以眼色为基础的研究,以及面部刺激的出现并不固定的事实(Hodsoll 等人,2011)。 


        Using this paradigm weaddressed four main questions in a group of parents (first-time mothers) and a group of non-parents (women without children). 

        使用这个范例weaddressed的父母在一组的四个主要问题(首次做母亲的女性)和一组非父母(没有孩子的女性)。


        Firstly, do infant compared to adult faces engage greater attention? On the basis of previous studies, we predicted slower RTs in search arrays containing infant faces across both parents and non-parents. 

        首先,婴儿与成人的面孔相比谁吸引更多的关注?在之前研究基础上,我们预测在较慢的RTs搜索一系列包含的婴儿的脸遍及父母和非父母之间。


        Secondly, does being a parent enhance the degree to which attention is engaged by infant faces? 

        其次,是否成为父母之后会提高对婴儿面孔的识别程度?


        While previous studies investigating parents and non- parents separately have reported preferential attentional allocation to infant faces, these groups have not previ- ously been compared directly. 

        虽然以前的分别调查的关于父母和非父母的研究已经报道了他们是如何分配额外的注意力对于婴儿的面孔,但之前这些团体没有同时直接比较过。


        The neuroimaging evidence indicating that parental status is associated with altered neural processing of infant facial affect provided a tentative basis to predict greater attentional allocation for infant faces at the behavioural level, in the parent compared to the non-parent group. 

        神经影像学证据表明,相较于非父母,父母状况与改变的神经处理婴儿的面部表情的过程为预测更大的注意力分配的婴儿的脸在行为层面上提供了一个初步的基础。


        Thirdly, does affect alter attentional processing of infant facial cues? 

        第三,这种影响会改变对于婴儿面部暗示的注意力处理吗?


        On the basis of previous neuroimaging and neurophysiological studies, we predicted that the presence of affect would heighten the degree of attentional processing for infant faces and that this would be more pronounced for infant compared to adult faces (e.g. Noriuchi, Kikuchi & Senoo, 2008; Proverbio et al., 2006). 

        在先前神经成像和神经生物学的研究中,我们预测这种影响的存在将加深对婴儿面部注意力的处理,并且比成人更为显著。(e.g. Noriuchi, Kikuchi & Senoo, 2008; Proverbio 等人, 2006)。


        Finally, are concurrent levels of depression and parental stress associated with individual differences during attentional processing of infant facial affect?

        最后,这是抑郁程度和与相关婴儿面容发育期间个体差的抚养压力共同影响的吗?



2014.07.07【英译中】心理学文献节选-1

2014.07.07【英译中】心理学文献节选-2


最后编辑于:2014-07-08 10:08
分类: 英语
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