2014.7.9 【英译中】100 美国法定假日

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-07-09 15:08 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
100. Name two national U.S. holidays.
Answer:
• New Year’s Day
• Martin Luther King, Jr., Day
• Presidents’ Day
• Memorial Day
• Independence Day
• Labor Day
• Columbus Day
• Veterans Day
• Thanksgiving
• Christmas
100. 美国法定假日
元旦
马丁·路德·金纪念日
总统节(华盛顿诞辰日)
阵亡将士纪念日
独立纪念日
劳动节
哥伦布日
退伍军人节
感恩节
圣诞节


Explanation:
    The United States has 10 national holidays, or days when all people who work for the national government and most other people do not have to go to work. These holidays are usually on a Monday or Friday so that people can enjoy a three-day weekend, where they have three days in a row (or right after each other) away from work.
    美国共有10个国假日,美国联邦政府雇员和普通民众都无需在法定假日上班。这些节日通常都安排在周一或周五,因此人们可以好好享受一个连续三天的周末。
    Some of the holidays are found in other countries. For example, New Year’s Day is the first day of the year and is celebrated almost everywhere. Labor Day is a day to honor (or recognize and respect) workers. Independence Day, in July, is the day when the United States became a country. And Christmas is the day when Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ.
    有些节日其他国家也有。像每年第一天的元旦几乎是各国都有。劳动节这一天是专门向劳动者表示敬意的。7月的独立日则是纪念美国独立成为一个国家。圣诞节则是基督徒们庆祝耶稣基督诞生的。
    But other holidays are unique to the United States, meaning that they are not found in most other countries. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, for example, is celebrated on the third Monday in January to honor the man who led the civil rights movement in the United States, or the period of time when African American or black people worked hard to be treated fairly by white people.
    但其他节日确是其他国家没有而美国独有的。例如,马丁·路德·金纪念日通常定在1月的第三个星期一,是为了纪念这位美国民权运动第一人而设立的,那段时期非裔美国人和黑人正为了取得和白人相等的地位而战。
    Presidents’ Day is celebrated on the birthday of George Washington, the first president of the United States, but it is supposed to honor (or should honor) all U.S. presidents. Memorial Day in late May honors the Americans who have died for their country, or died while fighting in wars.
    总统节则是为了庆祝美国第一任总统乔治·华盛顿的诞辰,现在则是来纪念所有美国总统的。5月末的阵亡将士纪念日是为了所有在战争中为国牺牲的将士们而设的。
    In October, Columbus Day remembers Christopher Columbus, who is credited with (or remembered for) discovering (or finding) North America. One month later, in November, Veterans Day honors all the U.S. veterans, or Americans who have been part of the armed forces.
    10月的哥伦比亚纪念日则是为了纪念发现北美洲的克里斯托弗·哥伦布的。1个月后,也就是11月的退伍军人节则是为了向所有服过役的美国退伍军人致敬的。
    Finally, Thanksgiving is celebrated in late November. This holiday is about being grateful (or wanting to say thank you) for the harvest (or the food that was grown). It is also about the early Americans being grateful to the Native Americans who shared their food with them.

    最后,11月末的感恩节则是一个感恩丰收的日子。同时也是早期美国移民向美国土著表达谢意的日子,感谢他们当初向正处在饥寒交迫之中移民分享食物。

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     欢迎大家订阅我的新节目【美国精神100期】,采用podcast上广受欢迎的英语教学节目,听、说、读、写、译全方位入手,并结合艾宾浩斯记忆遗忘曲线,会在节目中提醒今日该复习哪一课,让你的英语不留死角。 

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