2014.07.09【英译中】US DARPA to Develop Brain Memory Stimulators

NordicSnow (Ariel) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-07-09 15:59 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

US DARPA to Develop Brain Memory Stimulators

DARPA开发大脑记忆刺激器


Restoring one’s memories can now be possible with the development of brain implants.

如今,大脑移植的发展让人类记忆的恢复有望成为可能。



In a conference in Washington D.C., the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) revealed a device that will serve as memory stimulator. This device is targeted at soldiers who suffered from brain damage and experienced illnesses like Alzheimer’s disease. 

在于华盛顿召开的一次会议上,美国国防部高级研究计划局(DARPA)透露了一项即将作为记忆刺激器使用的装置。这项装置以患有脑损伤的士兵及经历过像阿兹海默症这种疾病的人为对象。


According to the agency’s program manager Justin Sanchez, the team will develop neuroprosthetic devices that can restore declarative memories, which pertain to knowledge on facts and identity.  The device will be placed in the inner part of the brain called the hippocampus. The hippocampus collects and stores personal memories. DARPA expects the stimulators to be available after four years.

据代理机构的项目经理Justin Sanchez所言,该小组将开发能够恢复有关事实与身份的陈述性记忆的神经义肢装置。该装置将被放置于大脑内部叫做“海马体”的部分。海马体积累并存储个人记忆。DARPA预计这种刺激器将在四年后得以实现。 

 

DARPA’s project is just one of U.S. President Barack Obama’s plans to widen the scientific researches on human brain. Last year, Obama announced the government’s $100 million investment on a brain research project called Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (or BRAIN) Initiative.

DARPA的项目仅仅是美国总统奥巴马扩大人类脑科学研究的计划之一。去年,奥巴马宣布政府为脑部科研项目投资1亿美金,该项目名为“利用先进创新神经技术研究脑部计划”(或“大脑计划”)。


The White House said the BRAIN Initiative will open new doors to medical studies that can help simplify the understanding of human behavior and learning processes.

白宫表示,大脑计划将为有助于简化对人类行为及学习过程的理解的医学研究开启新的大门。 


However, medical ethicists argue that tinkering with a person’s brain can change one’s identity. Arthur Caplan, medical ethicist at New York University’s Langone Medical Center, fears the device will erase a soldier’s memories. This can lead to a loss of personality and knowledge about important facts.

然而,医学伦理学家们却对此有异议,认为鼓捣人的大脑会改变其身份。纽约大学郎格尼医学中心的医学伦理学家Arthur Caplan担心这种装置会消除士兵的记忆。这将导致个性及重要事实相关知识的丧失。


On the other hand, Sanchez assures that competent scientists will handle the project. Sanchez said the device will be formally announced later this year.

另一方面,Sanchez保证此项目将由权威科学家担任。 Sanchez说该装置将在今年晚些时候正式宣布。

(via:rarejob)


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