2014.07.27【英译中】New study reveals the greatest risks 最新研究发现巨大风险

starlint (starlint) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-07-27 10:53 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Sharing a bed and objects in bed are the biggest risk factors for sleeping infants, according to a new study.

最新的一项研究显示,与他人同床或是床上有其他物品是威胁熟睡中婴儿生命的罪魁祸首。

The study published in the journal Pediatrics on Monday found that babies aged 0-3 months were most likely to die as a result of bed-sharing. For older infants ages four months to a year, the greatest risk for sleep-related death is objects in the sleep environment, the study found.

这项研究于周一发表在少儿科学日报上,它发现与别人同床时,0-3个月的婴儿死亡的可能性很大。它还发现,对稍大些的(4个月到1岁左右的)婴儿来说,他们最大的威胁(与睡觉相关的死亡方面的)来自于睡觉时周围的各种物品。

The study relied on a database compiled between 2004 and 2012—using information from 24 states—by the National Center for the Review and Prevention of Child Deaths. Researchers analyzed 8,207 deaths in total.

美国国家评估和预防儿童死亡中心对24个州的儿童死亡进行了统计,而这项研究的数据正是基于其2004至2012年间统计结果。研究人员共研究了8207个死亡案例。

Of the younger victims, 74% were sharing a bed at the time of their death. The study defines “bed-sharing” as sleeping with a person or an animal. Of the older victims, 39% of deaths happened in a sleep area containing an object such as a blanket or a pillow. And 18% changed their sleeping position from on their side or on their back to prone.

在年龄较小的夭折婴儿中,74%是在与别人同床时死去的。这项研究将“同床”定义为与人或者是动物睡在一起。对于年龄稍大的夭折婴儿,39%死亡时(他们中的39%死亡时,在他们睡觉的地方有诸如毯子或枕头之类的物品。18%的死亡原因是睡姿问题从侧卧或者是仰卧,变成了俯卧。(年龄较大或较小都限于婴儿之间的比较)

But the study makes it clear that it hasn’t uncovered any clear cause and effect. Instead it states its “objective was to determine any associations between risk factors for sleep-related deaths at different ages.”

但研究人员也明确表示,他们并未发现任何比较明显的诱因或是影响。相反,他们称此研究报告“是为了揭示造成不同年龄段婴儿死亡(与睡眠有关的)的潜在危险因素。”

The American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines on safe sleep environments suggest placing babies on their back on a firm surface, in the same room as their parents, and with no soft objects or loose bedding until the age of one.

美国儿科学会在关于安全睡眠环境的参考指南上建议到:让孩子们睡在牢固的床上,跟父母一间屋,在他们一岁之前不要在他们床上放软的东西或者是松松垮垮的寝具。


字数统计:493

最后编辑于:2014-07-28 10:55
分类: 英语
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