2014.7.27【英译中】研究发现,长相好的人不容易生病(3)(618字)

starlint (starlint) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-07-27 14:20 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

These results imply that individuals who are unattractive at an early age experience large welfare losses due to the way they’re treated by others.’

‘这些结果也暗示了,小时候就长得不好看的人由于不招他人待见,很多福利都享受不到。’

The fact that we rate certain features as more attractive may be driven by evolution — increasing the likelihood of having offspring.

我们将某种特征评为很有吸引力的行为可能是进化的结果—这样会更有利于繁衍后代。

For instance, long legs in women could be a visual clue of fitness for childbirth, with research at Gdansk University in Poland suggesting that taller women have wider pelvises, allowing easier births and larger birth-weight babies.

比如,腿长的女性看起来可能更容易生产。波兰的格但斯克大学进行的一项研究发现个子高的女性骨盘比较宽,这样他们生孩子的时候就比较容易,而且生的孩子也比较大和重。

But DrViren Swami, reader in psychology at the University of Westminster, suggests there may be other, non-evolutionary explanations for links between health and beauty.

但是威斯敏斯特大学心理学的审稿人DrViren Swami则认为可能是其它的原因,即不从进化的角度解释健康和美丽之间的联系。

People think that “what is beautiful is good”, and we call this a halo effect,’ he says.

Attractive people are perceived as having all kinds of wonderful, positive qualities, and seen as being happier, more popular, more successful, and so on.

“人们认为‘漂亮的就是好的’。我们将这种现象称为晕轮效应”他说,“人们会觉得长相好的人有很多很棒的优秀品质,会认为他们更开心,更受欢迎,更加成功等等。

We also treat them more positively than less attractive people.

'We give them more social space [e.g., more time and understanding to achieve a task] and we are more likely to help them.

“相较于不那么好看的人,我们对好看的人也更肯定。我们会给他们更多的社会空间(比如给他们更多的时间去完成任务,对他们也更加包容理解),我们也更可能帮助他们。

'This being the case, it’s quite possible that the health benefits of being attractive are the result of this better treatment.

“外貌好看的人更加健康可能就是因为得到了别人善待的结果。

For example, attractive people are more likely to be hired, less likely to be fired, and receive a higher starting wage, so it’s possible that any health benefit is the result of their better occupational outcomes.

“比如,长相好的人更容易被录取,更不容易被炒鱿鱼,拿到的起薪也较高,可能正是由于他们职业上较一帆风顺,所以身体状况才会更好吧。”

Or, conversely, less attractive people may be less likely to use health-care services because they are concerned about being judged or stigmatised, as in the case of overweight or obese individuals, which obviously has a detrimental effect on their health.

“而相反的,长相不那么好看而又很胖的人不太可能会去主动寻求卫生医疗方面帮助,因为他们害怕被别人评头论足或是羞辱,但是这样做对他们的健康是非常不利的。”

So, the health benefit may be an indirect outcome of better treatment in societies that value attractiveness.

“所以,在这个重视外貌的社会,长相出众的人在社会上受到的待遇会更好,这可能就间接导致了他们更加健康的事实。”

'I’m not suggesting the evolutionary perspective is incorrect, only that it’s not the full explanation.’

“当然,我并不是说进化观点就是错的,只是这并不是唯一的解答而已。”

分类: 英语
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