2014.7.27【英译中】Girl, 9, Killed by Brain-Eating Parasite in Water(574字)

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发表于:2014-07-27 14:31 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Girl, 9, Killed by Brain-Eating Parasite in Water

九岁女孩被水中食脑的寄生虫杀害


Kansas andFloridaofficials issue health warnings about swimming in fresh water

堪萨斯州和佛罗里达州的政府官员警告民众,在淡水中游泳可能存在安全隐患。

Kansashealth and environment officials have issued a health warning after a 9-year-old girl died from a brain-eating amoeba that lives in fresh water.

由于一名9岁的女孩死于阿米巴原虫(此种寄生虫生活在淡水里,以人脑为食),堪萨斯州卫生与环境部门的官员就此发布健康警示。

Hally Yust is reported to have been a regular water-skier who frequently swam in freshwater areas. She died last week after encountering the parasite Naegleria fowleri which is found in warm, still water.

据报道,哈雷·亚斯特曾是一名普通的划水运动员,她经常在淡水区域游泳。但由于感染了福氏纳格里阿米巴原虫(存在于静止的温水中),她已于上周去世。

Floridaofficials have provided similar warnings following Yust’s death. Last summerFloridaresident Zachary Reyna, 12, died after he picked up the parasite while playing in a ditch near his home.

佛罗里达州的官员在亚斯特死后也发布了同样的警示。去年夏天,居住在佛罗里达州的12岁的扎卡里·雷纳也是死于这种寄生虫。他是在家附近的小水沟里游玩时偶然染上的。

The Department of Health and Environment inKansassaid that it’s not clear where Yust, a resident ofJohnsonCounty, contracted the parasite. This is the second such case inKansas.

堪萨斯州的卫生和环境部门称,目前并不清楚亚斯特(住在约翰逊县)具体是在何地染上了这种寄生虫。这已经是堪萨斯州出现的第二个案例了。

“We are very saddened to learn of this unfortunate circumstance, and our thoughts and prayers are with the family and friends during this difficult time,” said Robert Moser, Department Secretary and State Health Officer.

作为部门秘书长及州卫生工作人员的罗伯特·莫泽说:“听到这个不幸的消息后,我们都非常难过。在这样痛苦的时期,我们为这个家庭和他们的朋友担忧,也为他们祈祷。”

He added: “It is important for the public to know that infections like these are extremely rare and there are precautions one can take to lower their risk – such as nose plugs.”

他还说:“有一点非常重要。那就是公众须了解这种传染病很罕见的,而且采取适当的预防措施(如佩戴鼻夹)是可以降低得病风险的。”

From 1962 to 2013 there have been 132 similar cases reported in theU.S.The infection usually happens when the amoeba enters a person’s nose whilst they’re underwater and travels to the brain. Symptoms usually appear five days after exposure.

据报道,从1962至2013年,美国共有132个相似案例。这种传染病经常发生在被害者在水下时,阿米巴原虫进入到他们的鼻子里,然后慢慢进入大脑。通常感染过后五天会出现相应症状。

Officials recommend keeping your head above water when swimming in warm freshwater, wearing nose clips or avoiding freshwater activities altogether.

官员建议民众,在淡水里游泳的时候,把头露在水上,戴上鼻夹。甚至尽量减少淡水里的活动。

分类: 英语
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