20140801【英译中】《如何正确说写英语》第一章(3)9句

冰绪 (冰绪) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-08-01 03:50 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

ii The English Language in a Nutshell

ii 英语简述



All the words in the English language are divided into nine great classes. These classes are called the Parts of Speech. They are Article, Noun, Adjective, Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction and Interjection. 

英语中所有的词汇分为9大类别。这些类别被称为会话的成分。他们是冠词,名词,形容词,代词,动词,副词,介词,连词和感叹词。



Of these, the Noun is the most important, as all the others are more or less dependent upon it.

当然,名词是最重要的,其他的词类或多或少是由名词产生的。



A Noun signifies the name of any person, place or thing, in fact, anything of which we can have either thought or idea. There are two kinds of Nouns, Proper and Common. Common Nouns are names which belong in common to a race or class, as man, city. Proper Nouns distinguish individual members of a race or class as John, Philadelphia.

任何人、事、物,事实上我们能思考与创想的任何东西都表现为名词。名词有两类,专有名词与普通名词。普通名词是那些能被归类的普遍的名称,如“人”,“城市”。专有名词从一个种类种区分出独立个体,如“约翰”(人名),“费城”(美国城市名)。



In the former case man is a name which belongs in common to the whole race of mankind, and city is also a name which is common to all large centres of population, but John signifies a particular individual of the race, while Philadelphia denotes a particular one from among the cities of the world.

在前一个例子中,“人”能普遍地指称整个人类,而“城市”则是能普遍地指称大量人口的聚居地,但“约翰”则特指人类中的一个独立个体,而“费城”则表示世界上城市中特定的一个。

to be continue...




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最后编辑于:2014-08-01 05:42
分类: 英语
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