20140802【英译中】《如何正确说写英语》第一章(5)12句

冰绪 (冰绪) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-08-02 02:41 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

iii Definitions

iii 释义



A Pronoun is a word used for or instead of a noun to keep us from repeating the same noun too often. Pronouns, like nouns, have case, number, gender and person. There are three kinds of pronouns, personal, relative and adjective.

代词用来代替一个名词,让我们避免过多地重复使用同一个名词。代词和名词一样,有格、数、性、人称之分。英语中有三类代词,人称代词,名词性物主代词及形容词性的物主代词。

译注:人称代词如I,you,me,名词性物主代词如mine,yours,hers形容词性物主代词如my,his,its



A verb is a word which signifies action or the doing of something. A verb is inflected by tense and mood and by number and person, though the latter two belong strictly to the subject of the verb.

动词是表示动作或做某事的一类词。动词有时态、语气、数及人称上的屈折变化,尽管严格意义上来说,后两项是根据动作施事者来进行变化的。



An adverb is a word which modifies a verb, an adjective and sometimes another adverb.

副词用以修饰动词或形容词,有时也用来修饰另一个副词。



A preposition serves to connect words and to show the relation between the objects which the words express.

介词则是用来连接其他的词,并显示这些词所修饰对象之间的关系。



A conjunction is a word which joins words, phrases, clauses and sentences together.

连词用以将其他词语、短语、分句以及句子连接在一起。



An interjection is a word which expresses surprise or some sudden emotion of the mind.

感叹词是用来描绘人们惊讶或其他突发情绪的一类词。

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