2014.08.02【中译英】人类的行为仿生学(下)

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发表于:2014-08-02 22:19 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

上篇:2014.07.27【中译英】人类的行为仿生学(上)


人类谈情说爱,往往喜欢互换信物,动物也是如此,有的以食物进贡,有的以羽毛相许,南极的企鹅则往往向意中人献上一块小石头作为见面礼,且往往还是从邻居那里偷来的;
Humans prefer to exchange presents as a pledge when dating, which is the same with【to】animals. Some of them give food as a present and some give feathers. For example, the penguin in Antarctica always deliver their beloved one a stone, which is stolen from their neighbourneighbours, as the gift on their first meeting【at their first meet】


人在结婚时要布置一间新房,动物也不例外,但因大型动物的新房马马虎虎,产房倒是要讲究一些,例如北极熊,总要在深雪里掏一个洞,在那里生儿育女。
Animals are no exception when talks about the bridal chamber that humans will have when get married, but it is shabby when it comes to large animals. However, their delivery rooms are much better.【Animals are no exception when it comes to the bridal chamber that human will have if get married. While as the large animals' bride chamber is crude, they pay more attention to the delivery room. Such as polar bears, they will dig a hole in the deep snow as the delivery room before give【giving birth to their children.



(这只仪表堂堂的雄性北极雀嘴里叼着三条鱼,求爱的把握就会更大一些)
(The handsome Atlantic Puffin dangling【dangles three fishes in its mouth, which can make the rate of courtship higher)


动物为了其本身的生存,就必须严格地按照自然规律办事。但人类却不把自然规律放在眼里,而导致大自然的报复。
In order to keep their own species’ existence, animals should obey the law of nature strictly. But human beings ignore the rules which lead【that leads to the nature’s revenge. 


美国有条法律,即钓鱼者不能钓杀一定重量以下的小鱼来为了保护鱼群的繁殖。
There is a law in America that fishermen must not kill【are forbidden to kill the fish that below a certain weight to protect the reproduction of the fish. 


实际上,这种措施生物界早就用上了。例如,北极的牛蝇从不攻击小驯鹿,且在每群驯鹿中下卵的数量也有一定的限制,因这可能会导致驯鹿群的锐减甚至灭种,到那时候,牛蝇本身也就难以生存下去。
In fact, this kind of measure has already been taken in the nature. For instance, the cleg never attack young reindeer and the number of spawns that leave on the reindeers’ body is limited, too. That’s because when the overgrowth of cleg make the number of reindeer decreased sharply or even die out, cleg will have difficult to spawn as wellsurvive on their own.


然而,这样地把人类社会与动物世界直接联系起来加以对比是有一定风险的,因为高傲的人类从来不愿意承认自己在心灵上与动物能有什么联系。
However, it is a risk to compare human society with the wild world as arrogant humans never admit any connection to the animal spiritually. 


美国哈佛大学的B·F·B史铁纳他不仅用一些机械设备来做有关动物行为的各种实验,而且还从自己的实验结果中引申出了一些招致争议的大胆结论。如,他总是把在实验中观察到的动物行为毫不犹豫地应用到人类身上,于是得出结论说:我们能且应运用人工的条件制约训练,而使整个人类社会都去顺应和服从某些“可以接受的”行为模式。结果,这种意见立刻在社会上激起了一股抗议的风暴。
B·F·B Stena from Harvard University in US used to do the experiments about animal behaviors by using some mechanical equipments and amplified some controversial conclusions from the result of the experiments, such as applying the animal behaviors to humans with no hesitation and concluding that we can use the artificial Constraints training to make all the human society obey some “acceptable” behavior mode, which arouse the people to protest.


那么,如果要在人和动物之间划一条严格的界限的话,这条界限究竟应该划在哪里?人有思维,看来动物也有,不过它们想的问题可能要简单一些。人有记忆,动物似乎也有,当然它们记住的东西要比人类少得多。唯一的区别可能是,按照《圣经》上说,人有灵魂,动物却没有,而爱斯基摩人认为,世界万物皆有灵魂。
Then, if there were a line between human and animal【animals, where is itwhat it should be Both human and animals have thought and memories, though the latter is much simpler.The only difference may explain as the Bible says--【According to the Bible, the only difference may be that】human have souls while animals don’t. But as the Eskimo say, everything has a soul in the world.

最后编辑于:2014-08-06 22:58
分类: 英语
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