2014.08.02【英译中】学术阅读技巧 Academic reading skills (1)

nlss (林小七) 译心译意
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发表于:2014-08-02 22:28 [只看楼主] [划词开启]


Academic reading skills

学术阅读技巧



What is skimming?

什么是略读?

Skimming is a very useful reading technique to use when you want to get the general idea of what a text is about. 
当你只是想获取文章大意时,可以选择略读,略读是一种非常实用的阅读技术。
When you skim a reading text you should ignore the details and focus on finding the main ideas.
当你略读时,你需要忽略文章中的细节,而专注于找到其主要观点。
As a reader you will find that the main ideas are quite often found in the first sentences of each paragraph. 
作为读者,你会发现,文章的中心思想一般都在每段的第一句话里。
However, be careful as they can also be found in the first and last paragraphs of a reading text!
不过,可要小心,中心思想也可能会出现在文章的第一段和最后一段中哦!


How to skim a reading text
怎样略读一篇阅读材料


Most academic writing texts are organised in a particular way and this will help you greatly when you are skimming a text. 
大多数的学术文章都是按照一定的格式组织写作的,了解这一点会对你略读文章产生巨大的帮助。
For example, in many types of academic writing the text is organised by headings and sub-headings. 
比如,很多类的学术文章的架构都采用大标题和小标题的形式。
When skimming a text you could start the process of understanding the general ideas of the text by looking at the headings and sub-headings before you do anything else.
当略读文章时,你可以采取首先阅读大标题和小标题的方法,来逐步理解文章的大意。


Also, most academic writing includes an introduction and a conclusion. 
同时,大多数的学术文章都含有引言和结论。
This means you can look for the general and main ideas in the introduction and conclusion paragraphs. 
这就是说你可以在引言和结论段中寻找文章大意和中心。
When you have found the main ideas use a highlighter or a pencil or marker pen to highlight or underline these ideas, so that you can find them easily when you look again. 
当年找到主要观点时,可以用荧光笔或者铅笔或者记号笔来醒目地标出该观点,这样你下次再读这篇文章的时候,就可以很容易地找到这些观点了。
If you are reading online then you can use similar digital tools to highlight parts of the test on screen and save the changes you have made.
如果你是在电脑上阅读文章的,也可以采用相应的工具来高亮显示文章中相应区域。编辑完了,记得要保存哦!


Next, look for important points that the writer makes in the topic sentences that are in the body of each paragraph. 
接下来,在文章的段落正文中寻找作者在主题句中列出的要点。
While topic sentences generally appear at the beginning of a paragraph you should be aware that this does not always happen and that sometimes it appears in the middle of a paragraph and sometimes at the end of a paragraph.
虽然一半主题句都出现在每段的开头,但是你也要注意这并非绝对,有时候主题句也会出现在某一段的中间或是结尾。


Remember that skimming is a reading technique for you to quickly identify the main ideas in a text. 

记住咯,略读是帮助你在文章中快速定位中心思想的阅读技巧。


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2014.08.02【英译中】学术阅读技巧 Academic reading skills (2)

最后编辑于:2014-08-03 15:24
分类: 英语
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