2014.08.02【英译中】学术阅读技巧 Academic reading skills (2)

nlss (林小七) 译心译意
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发表于:2014-08-02 23:09 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
What is scanning?

什么是扫读?


Scanning is looking through a written text to find specific information. 
扫读就是通过浏览一篇文章来寻找所需的信息。
When we scan a text we usually know what we are looking for. 
当我们扫读某篇文章时,通常首先要知道我们在寻找什么。
The information you are looking for could be ideas and details that support a particular point. 
你寻找的信息可以是文章观点或是支持某一论点的论据。
This information is contained in the body paragraphs of the text. 
这些信息一般都隐藏在文章正文段落中。
It is really important to remember that when you are scanning a text you will need to skip over large parts of the text without understanding it in order to find what you are looking for.
最重要的是一定要记住,当你扫读一篇文章时,你需要跳过其中大段的内容。你的目的不是去理解文章,而是要找到你所需的信息。


How to scan a reading text
如何扫读一篇文章

Start by looking for any clues in the organisation of the text. 
首先在文章结构中寻找线索。
For example, finding a particular heading may direct you to the information you are looking for and save you time. 
例如,定位到相应的标题可以将你引导到你正寻找的信息,这将会省去你很多时间。
You should also look for supporting points in the body paragraphs of the text. 
你也应在文章的正文搜寻相应的支撑论据。
There are usually two or three supporting points in each paragraph and these are generally placed after a topic sentence. 
通常每段会有两到三个论据,它们通常都位于主题句的后面。
Finally, there are lots of different ways in which supporting details can be presented and these are usually introduced to the reader with a transition word, a word that connects one idea to another.
最后,支撑论据的表现形式可能较为多样。而它们通常会由一个过渡词引导,这个词将一个观点过渡到另一个。


Finally, remember that skimming and scanning successfully will make you a better reader and save you time!
在文章的最后,请记住,熟练掌握略读和扫读的技巧能够帮你更好地阅读文章、节省大量的时间。
分类: 英语
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