2014.08.05【英译中】超越人类的人类学(1/3)

RunnerTracy (MFA161-A21) 初涉译坛
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发表于:2014-08-05 14:56 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Anthropology Beyond the Human: An Amazon Tribe's Deep Connection With the Rain Forest

超越人类的人类学:一个亚马逊部落与雨林的紧紧相依

Living with the Runa in Ecuador, the author says, is also about living with all the other kinds of beings the Runa live with.

这位作者说,与厄瓜多尔的鲁纳人住在一起,也是与鲁纳人共同生存的其他生命住在一起。

The environmental crisis has arisen in part because people have grown disconnected from biological life, Eduardo Kohn says.

环境危机严重的部分原因是人们变得与生物生活渐渐脱离,爱德华多·科恩说道。

Do forests think? Can a dog's dreams predict the future? Should nature have rights? These are some of the thought-provoking questions that Montreal-based anthropologist Eduardo Kohn explores in his new book.

森林会思考吗?狗的梦能够预测未来吗?自然也有它的权利吗?这是来自蒙特利尔的人类学家爱德华多·科恩在他的新书中探索的几个发人深省的问题。

Here he talks about living with the Runa people of Amazonian Ecuador, how his Jewish refugee grandfather inspired him to take up anthropology, and what it's like to be with a dog that is tripping on hallucinogenic drugs.

接下来他将谈一谈与亚马逊沿岸厄瓜多尔的鲁纳人生活在一起的情况,包括他的犹太难民祖父激发他学习人类学的故事,以及与一只误用致幻药的狗相处是什么样子的。

Your book is full of fascinating paradoxes, starting with the title, How Forests Think. Most of us don't think forests can think. Can you unpack the concept a bit?

你的书充满了吸引人的悖论,首先便是标题,《森林如何思考》。我们中大多人认为森林并不会思考。你能稍微解释一下这个概念吗?

I'm very interested in the connections we might have with the kinds of lives that lie beyond us. We're obviously facing a kind of environmental crisis, in large part because we've grown increasingly disconnected from the world. My book seeks to show how we're all connected to the living world.

对那些远离我们的形形色色的生命与我们之间本可能存在的联系,我很感兴趣。显然,我们正面临着一种环境危机,很大一种程度上是由于我们渐渐地与世界失去了联系。而我的书则致力于展示我们如何与鲜活的外界息息相关。

At a more academic level, we're burdened with a sort of mind-body dualism, the Cartesian divide, which people have had a lot of trouble getting themselves out of. I'm trying to get beyond that.

从更学术的层面说,我们都承受着一种身心二元论即笛卡尔分歧的影响,人们很难从中跳出来。我正努力地超越这种影响。

You frequently use the phrase "an anthropology beyond the human." Can you explain what you mean by that?

你频繁使用“超越人类本身的人类学”这句话,你能解释一下它的意思吗?

Anthropology is the study of humans. It has two things that make it distinctive. First, it's focused on human beings in terms of their exceptional qualities—that we have a culture, that we speak and use language. And all of this is grounded in a kind of representational faculty: the action of making meaning that depends on the use of conventional signs.

人类学是研究人类的科学。有两样东西使之与众不同。第一,它专注于人类,专注于人类杰出的特质——人类有说并使用语言的文化。而这些都建立在一种有代表性的能力上:通过使用通用符号来表达含义。

The other thing that makes anthropology unique is a specific kind of a method, the use of ethnography. Ethnography is a kind of deep "hanging out." In other words, spending huge amounts of time with people and allowing oneself to be immersed in their world.

另一样使得人类学如此独特的则是一种具体的方法,使用民族志。民族志是一种深层次的“厮混”。换句话说,则是花大把的时间与人们相处并让自己沉浸在他们的世界里。

But what I realized hanging out with the Runa people, who live intimately with the rain forest because they don't buy any food—they hunt, they fish, they grow things—is that doing this kind of ethnographic project does not just mean living with people. It's also about living with all the other kinds of beings the Runa live with.

但当我与鲁纳人相处时,我看到他们与雨林亲密无比,因为他们不需要买任何食物——他们打猎、捕鱼以及种东西,我这才意识到做这种民族志的项目并不仅仅意味着与人相处。这也是与跟他们共同生存的生命的相处。

And that led me to realize that anthropology can never be just anthropology. It must also include that which lies beyond the human, because we're actually deeply connected to biological life.

而这引导我意识到人类学也不应仅仅是人类学。它也该包括超过人类本身的那些事物,因为我们与生物生活紧紧相依。

That's most clearly appreciated in a place like the tropical rain forest that is teeming with so much life. I'm hanging out with humans, but those humans are not just hanging out with other humans. So all of a sudden anthropology is not just anthropology. It's anthropology beyond the human.

最能够体会到这的地方是像热带雨林一样充满许多生命的地方。我以为我在跟别的人类相处,但他们却不止如此。所以突然之间我明白了人类学不仅仅是人类学。人类学应该超过人类自身。


字数:877字

分类: 英语
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