2014.08.06【英译中】How Do Horses Communicate? New Signals Found(3)

发表于:2014-08-06 23:28 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

When horses looked at a photo from the third set, where both eyes and ears

 were uncovered, they picked the bucket of food the horse in the photo was

 looking at about 75 percent of the time.

当马儿看着眼耳都未遮住的第三个照片集的照片的时候,有75%的几率他们会选择照片中

的马儿正在看着的那桶食物。


When either the eyes or ears were covered by a mask in the photo, the observing

 horse selected between the two buckets of food more or less randomly. However, 

the horses performed slightly better when the photo showed the ears uncovered

 than when it showed the eyes uncovered, according to the study, published 

August 4 in Current Biology.

当照片中的马要么是眼睛要么是耳朵被面具遮住了,观察中的马儿几乎是随机地在两桶食

物中做选择。但是,根据8月4日发表《当代生物学》的研究,当展示给它看的是耳朵未遮

住的照片时,马儿表现得稍微比展示给它看眼睛未遮住的照片要好一些。



“The horses actually looked at the photographs of the [horses with masked 

ears and eyes] less, which indicated there was less information there, and 

not enough to change behavior,” Wathan said.

“马儿实际上看被遮住耳朵和眼睛的马照片看的更少,这表明那儿的信息更少,少到不够改

变行为,” Wathan说。


Helpful for Horse People

对骑马人的裨益


The study represents the first evidence that horses can signal information 

about food to each other, even though they evolved in an environment where

 “one blade of grass is as good as any other,” said Katherine Houpt, an emeritus

 professor of veterinary medicine at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, 

and a horse expert. 

这个研究代表了马儿能够相互传递关于食物的信息的第一个证据,尽管它们在“一片草地跟其它草地一样好”的环境中发展进化。”Katherine Houpt说。她是纽约伊萨卡康奈尔大学兽医学名誉教授,也是一名马的专家。


Since the study provides such a unique insight into how the animals think,

“these results are really important to anyone who works with horses,” Houpt said. (Read “Kentucky Horse Countryin National Geographic magazine.)

由于这个研究提供了一个对动物如何思考的如此独特的见解,“这些结论对于任何和马一起

工作的人来说都很重要,”Houpt说。(阅读《国家地理杂志》——“肯塔基州马乡村”)


“Experienced riders know to pay attention to a horse’s ears to help figure out 

what it’s thinking, so I’m not surprised that the ears were the most important 

cue,” she added.

“有经验的骑马人懂得去关注一匹马的耳朵来帮助他弄清它在想什么,因此我并不意外于耳朵

是最重要的线索。”她补充说。


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