2014.08.08【英译中】Scotland's Stone Age Ruins (9) (515字/10句)

luxiya01 (冷月) 译译生辉
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发表于:2014-08-08 03:31 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

胜利就在前方!苏格兰遗址倒计时——倒数第四篇!话说大长句神马的还是好讨厌!


It was also blessed with some of the richest farming soils in Britain and a surprisingly mild climate, thanks to the effects of the Gulf Stream. Pollen samples reveal that by about 3500 B.C.—around the time of the earliest settlement on Orkney—much of the hazel and birch woodland that originally covered the landscape was gone.

此外,上天还赐予了奥克尼英国最肥沃的土地,而墨西哥湾流则赋予了它令人吃惊的温和气候。花粉样本表明,至公元前约3500年、即奥克尼最早出现人类居民之时,原本覆盖着奥克尼表面的榛树和桦树大部分都已消失。

“It’s been assumed that the woodland was cleared away by Neolithic farmers, but that doesn’t seem to have been entirely the case,” says Michelle Farrell, a paleoecologist at Queen’s University Belfast who studies past land use and environmental change. “Although early farmers accounted for a degree of woodland loss, in some areas much of the woodland was already gone by 5500 B.C. It seems to have been a prolonged event and largely caused by natural processes, but what those processes were we really can’t say without better climate records.
“我们一直以为开垦林地的是新石器时代的农民,但事实似乎并非完全如此。”贝尔法斯特女王大学的古生态学家、研究古代土地使用及环境变化的米歇尔·法雷尔说。“尽管早期农民需对林地的流失负一部分责任,但在某些地方,大部分的林地早在公元前5500年左右就消失殆尽了。这似乎是一个持续极久的、大部分归咎于自然因素的过程。在拿到更细化的气候记录前,我们还无法确定其具体过程。”

One thing is certain, says Farrell: “The open nature of the landscape would have made life much easier for those early farmers. It could have been one of the reasons why they were able to devote so much time to monument building.”
但有一件事我们可以肯定,法雷尔说:“空旷的环境给早期农民们省了许多麻烦。这或许是他们有时间专注于建造这些不朽遗迹的原因之一。”

It’s also clear that they had plenty of willing hands and strong backs to put to the cause. Estimates of Orkney’s population in Neolithic times run as high as 10,000—roughly half the number of people who live there today—which no doubt helps account for the density of archaeological sites in the islands. Unlike other parts of Britain, where houses were built with timber, thatch, and other materials that rot away over time, Orcadians had abundant outcrops of fine, easily worked sandstone for building homes and temples that could last for centuries.

另一件可以确定的事是:他们有无数的巧手和健壮的劳动力。据估计,奥克尼新石器时代的居民可能达到了一万人——这约是如今奥克尼居民数量的一半。毋庸置疑,人口的密集是奥克尼群岛上遗迹密集的原因之一。英国的其他地区,房屋大多由木材、茅草及其他会在时光流逝中腐烂的材料建造而成。相比之下,奥克尼居民则可用那些无数露出地表的、精美易加工的沙石,来建造经得住时光考验的房屋和庙宇。


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苏格兰遗址1-8:

苏格兰遗址1:2014.07.18【英译中】Scotland’s Ston

苏格兰遗址2:2014.07.18【英译中】Scotland's Sto

苏格兰遗址3:2014.07.18【英译中】Scotland's Stone

苏格兰遗址4:2014.07.18【英译中】Scotland's Ston

苏格兰遗址5:2014.07.23【英译中】Scotland's Ston

苏格兰遗址6 2014.07.27【英译中】Scotland's Sto

苏格兰遗址7:2014.08.01【英译中】Scotland's Stone

苏格兰遗址8:2014.08.04【英译中】Scotland's Ston

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让我先@ 好基友们吧:@耀宇 @cindy9723 @微笑sunnyma 



最后编辑于:2014-08-08 03:42
分类: 英语
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