2014.08.08 【英译中】Gender difference--The Mars and Venus question(2)12句

发表于:2014-08-08 11:09 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

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A case of misremembering  

Ms Weber and her colleagues based their work on interviews with 17,000 men and 14,000 women carried out by an initiative called the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, conducted in 2006-07. The interviewees, aged 50 to 84, lived in 13 European countries and were subjected to three tests for cognitive performance. They were grouped into three geographic regions: northern Europe, central Europe and southern Europe .
韦伯女士和同事们的工作以2006年7月在欧洲开展的对17000名男人和14000名女人关于“健康,老龄和退休”倡议的采访为基础。被采访者的年龄在50到84岁之间,来自13个欧洲国家,参与了认知能力的3个测验。他们被分成三组地理区域:北欧,中欧和南欧。
For each country a regional development index (RDI) was adopted, an amalgam of GDP, family size, infant mortality, life expectancy and national education levels. These criteria were selected to represent a country’s educational and living standards for the birth years of the interviewees, and then compared with participants’ cognitive performance.
 每个区域都采用地区发展指数(RDI)评测,该指数综合了GDP,家庭规模,婴儿存活率,平均寿命以及国家教育水平。这些指标代表了某个地区受访者出生时期的教育和生活水平,接着再与参与者的认知能力比较。
That performance was determined using tests for episodic memory (the retention of words in memory), category fluency (naming examples of, say, animals) and numeracy. Women are expected to outperform men in episodic memory and men do better in numeracy. Neither sex is thought dominant in category fluency.
认知能力由下列测验判断:情景记忆能力(对词句的记忆力)、分类流畅性(举个例子,比如,说出动物)和计算能力。期望的结果是女性情景记忆能力应该比男性强,而男性计算能力比女性好。在分类流畅性方面男性女性应该差不多。
Episodic memory matters because it is linked to emotion. The brain remembers unconnected words by linking them to a memory or imagined situation. It is the emotion of the memory that supposedly helps the brain remember the word. Whether women actually are more empathetic than men is debatable. It may be that society has expected such capacity from the principal child-carers for so long that it has become ingrained. The same goes for numeracy. Is science dominated by men because they are better at it, or because it was a career choice not widely open to women before the late 20th century?
情景记忆重要是因为它与情感相关。大脑通过把没有关联的词语与记忆中的或者猜想的情镜联系在一起,从而记住这些词。据推测,正式记忆的情感帮助大脑记住了这些词。女人是不是真的比男人感性还存在争议。也许是社会期望孩子的抚养者具有这种能力,从而变得根深蒂固。计算能力也是同样的道理。科学界总是男人占主导地位,因为他们擅长这个,不过,也许是因为20世纪末之前,这个领域的思维没有广泛向女同胞们开放?
分类: 英语
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