2014.08.08 【英译中】Gender difference--The Mars and Venus question(3)17句

发表于:2014-08-08 11:15 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

最后一段~

The new study does not seek to answer these questions. But it pushes research further towards answers. As expected, in episodic-memory tests women outperformed or were equal to men in every geographic area and across almost all age groups. The results for numeracy were even starker. Men outperformed women in all areas and in all age groups. The differences in category fluency were so slight as to be statistically irrelevant. But the really startling discovery was how the results changed over time and by region.
新的研究并没有试图寻找这些问题的答案,但是向答案更推进了一步。和期望的一样,在情景记忆测试中,不同地域,不同年龄的小组,女性都表现的比男性好,至少是平手。计算能力测试的结果更加显著。不同地域,不同年龄的小组中,男性都表现的比女性好。而分类流畅性检测的男女差异非常小,在统计上不相关。然而真正让人吃惊的发现是,这些结果随时间,随地域的变化。
As countries improved in RDI terms, the cognitive performance of the whole population was raised. Northern Europe rated highest across all age groups, followed by central and southern Europe. Unexpectedly, the study found that the better developed a country, the higher the rate of increase in women’s cognitive abilities.
随着地区发展指数(RDI)的改善,该地区整个人口的认知能力提高了。所有年龄组中,北欧提高的幅度最大,其次是中欧,最后南欧。意想不到的是,这个研究发现了一个国家发展越好,女性的认知能力提高越快。
Quite why women benefit disproportionately from societal improvements is not known. They may be starting from a more disadvantaged level, with greater potential to catch up as the RDI score improves. Generally, the cognitive differences in numeracy between men and women are narrowing, more so in northern Europe than in southern Europe. North European women aged 50-54 are also increasing their lead over men in episodic memory, by remembering almost one more word out of ten, says Ms Weber.
女性的进步为何和社会进步幅度不一致尚不清楚。可能是因为随着RDI的改善,女性从更不利的条件出发,追赶的潜力更大。总体来看,男女计算能力的认知差异正在缩小,特别是北欧和南欧。韦伯女士说,北欧的50-54岁女性在情景记忆能力上也与男性增大了差距,可以几乎记住10个单词中的1个,甚至更多。
Whatever the reason, this study indicates that cognitive differences between men and women are not solely inherited. It suggests that, to a degree hitherto unacknowledged, they are learned from the roles a society expects males and females to perform, and that those differences can change as society changes. Modern times require modern thinking.
不管原因是什么,这个研究表明男女间的认知差异并不仅仅是天生的。这说明,在某种程度上,至今还没被广泛关注,差异来源于男女的社会角色不同,社会期望他们这么做,男性女性也从各自的角色中学习,而社会的改变也会导致男女差异的改变。现代社会需要现代的思维。
Note: This story was updated on July 31st 2014 with further information from the research team.
注:这篇报导加入了2014年7月31日研究小组的最新研究成果。
From the print edition: Science and technology
取自印刷版:科学与技术

分类: 英语
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