2014.08.08【英译中】工业革命(The Industrial Revolution)2 (289字)

发表于:2014-08-08 23:16 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

    During the first half of the eighteenth century, in the old age of Newton and the decline of the Royal Society, England basked in a last Indian summer of village industry and the overseas trade of merchant adventurers. The summer faded. Trade grew more competitive. By the end of the century the needs of industry were harsher and more pressing. The organization of work in the cottage was no longer productive enough. Within two generations, roughly between 1760 and 1820, the customary way of running industry changed. Before 1760, it was standard to take work to villagers in their own homes. By 1820, it was standard to bring workers into a factory and have them overseen.

    18世纪上半叶,(正值)在牛顿晚年和英国皇家学会衰退时期,是英国乡村工业和商业冒险家的海外贸易最后一个黄金期。这个黄金期过了,贸易竞争日益激烈。在世纪末的时候,人们对工业的需求愈加严峻和急迫。家庭作坊的供给已经不够。大约在1760年到1820年,即两代人的时间里,工业的传统经营方式已经改变了。在1760年之前,工业的经营方式是农民家庭生产。到1820年,其主要方式是工人在工厂生产(工厂监管生产)。


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最后编辑于:2014-08-10 10:10
分类: 英语
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