2014.08.10 【英译中】Confucian philosophy 儒家哲学 (一)

张冰海1990 (happy微笑) 译人小成
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发表于:2014-08-10 18:30 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
Confucian philosophy provides the mainstream traditional Chinese values permeated throughout history with its morals andpolitical ideals playing dominant roles in most of ancient Chinese dynasties. These values are still very influential in shaping the ethics and outlooks of Chinese people.
儒家哲学规定了中国传统价值观的主流渗透了整个历史,它的道德和政治理想在大多数中国古代的封建王朝扮演主要角色。这些价值观仍然影响着中国人的道德的塑造和世界观。
Basic ideas
基本观点
The Confucian world outlook is generally based on two questions: a person's understanding about heaven, and people's relationships with heaven. The significance of the human being is highly valued -- even as great as heaven and earth are with one's own efforts and creation.
儒教的世界观一般是以----- 一个人对天的理解和人与天的联系这两个问题为基础。人的重要性得到高度重视,甚至同天地一样重要,个人的努力和创造(可以改变天地)。
The emphasis of Confucianism is to explore the heavenly part of human nature to follow the codes of universe. Numerous Confucian scholars in history have given their own solutions to attain this ideal.
儒教的重点是探索人的天性来遵守宇宙的法则(自然法则)。历史上大量的儒家学者已经给了达到这个理念的解决之道(自家方法)。
Social philosophy is the most treasured part of Confucian theory. To design and build an ideal human society is the most primitive concern of Confucianism. Important thinkers like Confucius, Mencius, and Xunzi all have systematic views about society, politics, economy, and ethics.
社会哲学是儒教理论中最重要的组成部分。儒教最初关心的是设计并建立人类理想型社会。重要的思想家像孔子,孟子和荀子都有他们对社会,政治,经济和道德系统的看法。
The structure of Confucian social philosophy is very well organized. Political system, administrative principles like policies of benevolence, light taxes, and ruling by rites are very representative views in traditional Confucian thoughts. 
儒家的社会哲学体系是很有条理。政治体系,管理原则像仁政,减税,礼治,都是传统儒家思想中非常具有代表性的观点。
The study of Confucius classics during the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD) gave birth to the social system designed in accordance with the Confucius theories.
在汉代(公元前206-公元220)研究孔子的经典,根据的孔子理论设计诞生了社会体系。
To build an ideal society, the family relationship is an essential part of thinking, thus the doctrine of filial piety is the cornerstone of all ethics in The Analects of Confucius.
为了建立一个理想型的社会,家庭关系是思考一个基本的部分,因此在论语中孝道教义是所以道德的基石。
At last, the book Yi Zhuan, an annotation of The Book of Changes, provides the knowledge foundation of conducting oneself in the society, especially when various ethics contradict with each other. 
最后,《易经》的一部注释--《易传》,提供了在社会中做人的理论基础(知识基础),特别是当各种道德准则相互抵触的时候。
Primitive Confucianism was inherited from traditional Chinese thoughts in remote antiquity with its emphasis on the maintenance of the nation and social order and self-cultivation. The social philosophical ideals of the Zhou Dynasty (about 11th Century-221BC) are the fundamental base of Confuciun values.
原始儒教是继承远古时代的传统中国的思想主要强调维护国家和社会秩序以及自我修养(修身养性)。周朝(大约11世纪--公元前221)的哲学性的理想社会是儒家价值观的重要基础。

最后编辑于:2014-08-11 21:31
分类: 英语
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