2014.07.25【英译中】边睡觉,边学习,你可以吗?(二)

发表于:2014-07-25 16:20 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

注:那么看过第一部分的人注意啦,认真看看第二部分,不要被误导啦,睡觉学习法是不可行的!这在本部分会说明。


Bad science

伪科学


In reality, this particular kind of sleep learning is almost certainly impossible. Although some early studies suggested that subjects could pick up some facts as they slept, the researchers couldn’t be sure that they hadn’t just awoken to listen to the recording. To test those suspicions, Charles Simon and William Emmons attached electrodes on the scalps of their subjects, allowing them to be sure that they only played the tapes once the subjects were dozing. As they had suspected, the subjects learnt nothing once they had dropped off. The results were published in the 1950s, but entrepreneurs over the years have still tried to cash-in on the attraction of effortless learning with various products – even though their methods had no scientific basis.(不知道这里的them到底是指谁。

事实上,这种特定的睡眠学习法几乎不可能实现。虽然一些早期研究发现测试者在睡觉时可以不费力地学会一些东西,研究者无法确定他们是否醒了后才听的录音带。为了检测这些猜疑,查尔斯·西蒙和威廉姆·埃蒙斯在测试者头上接上了电极,并确保只在测试者睡着时才播放带子。正如他们所怀疑的,测试者睡着后,没学会任何东西。这些结果与20世纪50年代发表,但这些年企业家仍试图利用这种无用功的学习销售各种产品从而牟利——即使他们的方法毫无科学基础


Monitoring brain activity of sleeping people suggests they can't learn new skills while unconscious (SPL)

通过监控熟睡人群脑部活动可知他们不能在潜意识下学习新的技巧。


Despite being blind and deaf to new information, however, the sleeping brain is far from idle: it mulls over the day’s experiences, sending memories from the hippocampus – where memories are first thought to form – to regions across the cortex, where they are held in long-term storage. “It helps stabilise the memories and integrate them into a network of long-term memory,” says Susanne Diekelmann at the University of Tubingen in Germany. Sleep also helps us to generalise what we’ve learnt, giving us the flexibility to apply the skills to new situations. So although you can’t soak up new material, you might instead be able to cement the facts or skills learned throughout the day.

虽然大脑在睡眠状态下看不见听不见新的信息,但也没有闲着。它要思考白天的经历,把记忆从海马体(记忆首先在这里形成)通过大脑皮层发送至储存长期记忆的区域。“这有助于稳定记忆并将它们整合成一个长期的记忆网络。”德国蒂宾根大学的苏珊娜·迪克曼说。睡眠也能帮助我们总结我们所学的东西,以便我们在新的情境中灵活运用这些技巧。所以虽然你不能学习新的知识,你仍然可以巩固自己一天学到的知识和技能。


好的,今天的科学课堂结束啦~~~咱们下次再见。( ^_^ )/~~

最后编辑于:2014-07-25 16:22
分类: 英语
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