2014.07.27【英译中】为什么我们总喜欢咬手指?(三)

发表于:2014-07-27 12:32 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Creature of habit

习惯的养成

Given this lack of prior scientific treatment, I feel free to speculate for myself. So, here is my theory on why people bite their nails, and how to treat it.

由于缺少先期的理论研究,我想我也可以来做个猜测。下面就是我的理论观点,关于该习惯的形成原因和治疗方法。

Let's call it the ‘anti-theory’ theory. I propose that there is no special cause of nail biting – not breastfeeding, chronic anxiety or a lack of motherly love. The advantage of this move is that we don't need to find a particular connection between me, Gordon, Jackie and Britney. Rather, I suggest, nail biting is just the result of a number of factors which – due to random variation – combine in some people to create a bad habit.

我把我的理论称为“反理论”。我假设咬手指的习惯并没有特别的原因,既不是因为母乳喂养的问题,也不是因为长期焦虑,或是缺乏母爱。我们并不必要找出戈登•布朗、肯尼、布兰妮和我们之间的特殊关联。此外,我认为,咬手指习惯的形成是由很多不特定的因素,还有人们个人的行为习惯所结合形成的。

First off, there is the fact that putting your fingers in your mouth is an easy thing to do. It is one of the basic functions for feeding and grooming, and so it is controlled by some pretty fundamental brain circuitry, meaning it can quickly develop into an automatic reaction.

首先,把手指放在你的嘴里是一件很容易的事情。这是喂养的一种基本手段,并且由完整的脑神经回路所控制,这就是说它能够很快发展成一种条件反射。

Added to this, there is a ‘tidying up’ element to nail biting – keeping them short – which means in the short term at least it can be pleasurable, even if the bigger picture is that you end up tearing your fingers to shreds.

除此以外,这对于手指有“清洁”的作用——可以让它们始终很短——这意味着短期内可以让人们身心愉悦,即使从长远来看这会摧毁你的手指。

分类: 英语
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