2014.07.21【英译中】为何印度贫穷腐败而日本富裕清廉(三)

八月蝉 (Tracy) 译人小成
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发表于:2014-07-27 21:07 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
Despite the similar circumstances of Japanin 1867 andIndiain 1947, the outcome was vastly different. Japan dismantled its feudal structure and extended social and economic opportunity to all its citizens. The lot of the ordinary man improved rapidly.Japanbecame a power to be reckoned with.
虽然日本1867年明治维新和印度1947年民族独立处于相似的环境,两者的发展结果却有着极大的不同。日本废除了封建制度,使全民享有社会和经济上升的机会。因此,大部分日本普通人的生活有了很大改善。日本成为强国。


Indiapaid lip service to the elimination of caste barriers yet made little progress in practice. Differences in income and wealth grew wider. Population exploded, as it did inJapan, but economic output per capita did not.
印度在消除等级壁垒方面不过是表面文章,几乎没有做出实绩。收入和财富的贫富差距继续扩大。印度的人口爆炸式增长,跟日本一样,可是人均经济产量比不上日本。


Indiaprided itself on being the largest democracy in the world, but it lapsed for a time into a dictatorship that restricted freedom of speech and press.
印度以自己为世界上最大的民主国家而自豪,但是一度陷入独裁专制统治,限制言论和出版自由。


What explains the difference in results? Many observers point to different social institutions and human characteristics. Religious taboos, the caste system, a fatalistic philosophy—all these are said to imprison the inhabitants ofIndia.
如何来解释这样的差异呢?大多数观察者认为是不同的社会制度和民族性格造成的。宗教禁忌、种姓制度、宿命轮回观念,如此种种禁锢了印度人民的身心。


By contrast, the Japanese are lauded as hardworking, energetic, eager to respond to influences from abroad, and incredibly ingenious at adapting what they learn from outside to their own needs.
与之相反,日本人勤劳、精力充沛、对国外的潮流反应迅速,并且,他们相当聪明,将学到的舶来品本土化以满足自己的需要。

最后编辑于:2014-10-29 20:26
分类: 英语

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