2014.07.23 【英译中】农业的重要性

gaga1000000 (Gaga) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-07-28 11:42 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

    The importance of agriculture cannot be overstated. More than 50 percent of the world’s labor force is employed in agriculture. The distribution in the early 1980s ranged from 67 percent of those employed in Africa to less than 5 percent in North America. In Western Europe, the figure was about 16 percent; in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, about 32 percent; and in Asia, about 68 percent. 

    农业的重要性不言而喻。世界上有超过50%的劳动力从事农业。在20世纪80年代早期,非洲的农业劳动力达67%,而在北美,却只有不足5%,在西欧约为16%,在东欧和苏联大约32%,在亚洲,则约有68%的劳动力从事农业。

    Farm size varies widely from region to region. Recently the average for Canadian farms was about 186 ha (about 460 acres) per farm, and for U.S. farms, about 175 ha (about 432 acres). The average size of a single landholding in the Philippines, however, may be somewhat less than 3.6 ha (less than 9 acres), and in Indonesia, a little less than 1.2 ha (less than 3 acres). 

    各地区之间农场规模相差很大。直到最近,加拿大的农场规模平均约为186公顷(约合460英亩),美国的农场规模平均约为175公顷(约合432英亩),而在菲律宾,私人农场的规模平均略少于3.6公顷(不足9英亩,在印度尼西亚则略少于1.2公顷(不足3英亩)。

    Size also depends on the purpose of the farm. Commercial farming, or production for cash, is usually done on large holding. The plantations of Latin America are large, privately owned estates worked by tenant labor. Single-crop plantations produce tea, rubber, cocoa. Wheat farms are most efficient when they comprise some thousands of hectares and can be worked by teams of people and machines. Australian sheep stations and other livestock farms must be large to provide grazing for thousands of animals. 

    场规模也取决于其用途。用作商业用途,或从事大规模生产以赚钱的农场,规模一般较大。拉丁美洲的种植园就是农场主雇人工作的大型私有土地。单一作物的种植园种有茶叶,橡胶或可可。生产小麦的农场有上千亩地,大规模的人和机器共同劳动,这样的农场效率最高。为了给数以千计的动物们提供充足的饲料,澳大利亚的牧羊场和其他畜牧场的规模一定要足够大。

分类: 英语
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