2014.07.25 【英译中】农业的重要性(二)

gaga1000000 (Gaga) 路人甲
86 3 0
发表于:2014-07-28 13:02 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

    Individual subsistence farms or small-family mixed-farm operations are decreasing in number in developed countries but are still numerous in the developing countries of Africa and Asia. A “back-to-the-land” movement in the U.S. reversed the decline of small farms in New England and Alaska in the decade from 1970 to 1980.

    在发达国家,个体经营维持的农场和混合经营的小规模农场数量日益下降,但仍在亚洲和非洲的发展中国家里占很大比例。在美国,一场“回归土地”的运动扭转了1970到1980年十年间新英格兰和阿拉斯加地区小农场数量日渐减少的局面。

    The conditions that determine what will be raised in an area include climate, water supply, and terrain.      一个地区的气候,水源,地势状况决定了这个地区种植的作物。

    Over the 10,000 years since agriculture began to be developed, peoples everywhere have discovered the food value of wild plants and animals and domesticated and bred them. The most important are cereals such as wheat, rice, barley, corn and rye. 

     在农业发展的这一万多年中,世界各地的人们发现了野生动植物的食用价值,并开始驯养和繁殖它们,其中最重要的是小麦,稻子,大麦,玉米和黑麦等谷物

    Agricultural income is also derived from non-food crops such as rubber, fiber plants, tobacco, and oilseeds used in synthetic chemical compounds. Money is also derived from raising animals for pelt. 

    农业收入也来源于非粮食作物,如橡胶,纤维作物,烟草以及用于生产合成化合物的油料作物。另外,通过饲养动物,利用其皮毛也可获得一定收入。

    Much of the foreign exchange earned by a country may be derived from a single commodity; for example, Sri Lanka depends on tea, Denmark specializes in dairy products, Australia in wool, and New England in meat products. In the U.S., wheat has become a major foreign exchange commodity in recent years.

    一个国家赚取的大部分外汇可能只来源与某种单一的商品。例如,斯里兰卡以茶闻名,丹麦专门经营奶制品,澳大利亚出口羊毛,新西兰依赖肉制品的出口。近年来,小麦已经成为美国赚取外汇的主要商品。

    The importance of an individual country as an exporter of agricultural products depends on many variables. Among them is the possibility that the county is too little developed industrially to produce manufactured goods in sufficient quantity or technical sophistication. Such agricultural exporters include Ghana with cocoa, and Myanmar with rice. On the other hand, an exceptionally well-developed country may produce surpluses not needed by its own population; this as been true of the U.S., Canada, and some of the West European countries.

    一个国家农产品出口的重要性取决于很多因素,其中之一就是有些国家可能工业生产很不发达,生产不了大规模,高质量,技术先进的产品,这类农业出口国包括加纳,出口可可,还有缅甸,出口大米。另一方面,极其发达的国家可能生产过剩,超出本国人民的需求,像美国,加拿大和一些西欧国家就是这种情况。

分类: 英语
全部回复 (3)

  • 0

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团