2014.07.28【英译中】The history of Yale College 耶鲁大学的历史(3)

发表于:2014-07-28 20:49 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Taking medieval English universities such as Oxford and Cambridge as its model, this distinctive system divides the undergraduate population into twelve separate communities of approximately 450 members each, thereby enabling Yale to offer its students both the intimacy of a small college environment and the vast resources of a major research university.

拿中世纪英国的大学如牛津大学和剑桥大学为例,他们这种独特的体系把本科生分为十二个独立的社群,每个社群大约有450个人,因此,耶鲁大学能使他的学生密切与小型学院的联系,以及是主要的研究型大学的重要来源。


Each college surrounds a courtyard and occupies up to a full city block, providing a congenial community where residents live, eat, socialize, and pursue a variety of academic and extracurricular activities.

每个大学占用城市一块完整的街区并由庭院围绕着,它提供一个同居民生活、饮食、社交和追求各种学术活动和课外活动相似的社区。


Each college has a master and dean, as well as a number of resident faculty members known as fellows, and each has its own dining hall, library, seminar rooms, recreation lounges, and other facilities.

每个高校都有学术大师和校长,同样有很多和他们一样著名的和有才能的教员,他们每个人都有自己的饭厅,图书室,会议室,娱乐休息室和其他的场所。


Today, Yale has matured into one of the world’s great universities. Its 11,000 students come from all fifty American states and from 108 countries.

今天,耶鲁大学成为了世界上最优秀的大学之一。它的11,000名学子来自美国的55个洲和世界上108个国家。


The 3,200-member faculty is a richly diverse group of men and women who are leaders in their respective fields.

其中3,200名有才能的学生成为他们各自领域的领导者。


The central campus now covers 310 acres (125 hectares) stretching from the School of Nursing in downtown New Haven to tree-shaded residential neighborhoods around theDivinitySchool.

现在中心校区覆盖310英亩(125公顷)土地,从市区新港口的护理学院到的住宅区附近绿荫环绕的神职学院


Yale’s 260 buildings include contributions from distinguished architects of every period in its history.

耶鲁大学的260座建筑包含了每个历史时期杰出的建筑师的贡献。


Styles range from New England Colonial to High Victorian Gothic, from Moorish Revival to contemporary.

建筑风格从新英格兰殖民时期到维多利亚哥特式时期,从摩尔复兴时期到当代。


Yale’s buildings, towers, lawns, courtyards, walkways, gates, and arches comprise what one architecture critic has called “the most beautiful urban campus inAmerica.”

耶鲁大学的建筑、塔楼、草坪、庭院、人行道、大门和拱门构成了“美国最美的校园城市”一个建筑学评论家评论道。


Yale's West Campus, located 7 miles west of downtownNew Havenon 136 acres, was acquired in 2007 and includes 1.6 million square feet of research, office, and warehouse space that provides opportunities to enhance the University’s medical and scientific research and other academic programs.

2007年耶鲁大学购买的西部校区有136英亩,坐落在距市区新港口西部7英里的地方,包括1,600,000平方英尺的研究、办公和仓库场所来增加大学的医药科技研究和其他的学术项目。


The University also maintains over 600 acres (243 hectares) of athletic fields and natural preserves just a short bus ride from the center of town.

耶鲁大学同时也保留有超过600英亩(243公顷)的体育场和自然保护区,仅仅只有从城镇中心来的一辆很小的公共汽车经过这里。

最后编辑于:2014-07-28 20:54
分类: 英语
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