2014.7.29【英译中】社区心理学(1)

译秋 (译秋) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-07-29 07:32 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Culture has long been a variable of interest in the social and behavioral sciences and has been recognized as an important theme in community psychology since its inception in the 1960’s. 

    文化一直是社会与行为科学的兴趣所在,并在20世纪60年代社区心理学出现后成为其研究的重点。


However, notions of culture have occupied a somewhat peripheral position in the field. 

    然而,文化的概念在实地研究中却处于边缘地位。


The special issue on culture and community psychology recently published in the American Journal of Community Psychology suggests that community psychology is experiencing a shift in regard to culture, what Kral et al (2011) refer to as a “cultural turn” (p. 49 ), in which culture is being more explicitly incorporated into community psychology theories, research methods, and practice. 

    最近发表在《美国社区心理学杂志》的文化与社区心理学问题的特殊关系表明社区心理学正在经历一个与文化有关的转变。克拉尔等人(2011)称其为“文化转向”(第49页) ,文化正在被更明确纳入社区心理学的理论,研究与实践中。


They call attention to the fact that “culture is local while shaped by both inside and outside, even global forces” (Kral et al, 2011, p.48). 

    他们呼吁人们关注这一事实:文化是当地独创,但同时也受到内部文化与外部文化,甚至全球化的影响”(克拉尔等人,2011年,第48页)。


Marsella (1998) emphasized the importance of understanding human behavior and experience within cultural context and called for a global-community psychology. 

    马赛拉(1998)强调理解人类行为及其所处文化背景的经历很重要,并呼吁建立全球社区心理学。


O’Donnell (2006) advanced the notion of a global community psychology in his presidential address at the Society for Community Research and Action 10th biennial conference.    

    奥唐奈(2006)在社会心理协会社区研究和行动第10届双年会议就职演说中进一步阐明全球社区心理学的概念。


However, as we expand cultural community psychology at the global level, Trickett (2009) reminds us that “[f]rom an ecological perspective, knowledge about the local community is prerequisite and prelude to decisions about what kinds of actions serve community goals and interests, and what individuals, groups, and social settings are most central to the action goal” (p. 347). 

    我们将文化社区心理学全球化的同时,特里克特(2009)提醒我们,“从生态学的角度,首先要了解当地的社区然后才能决定何种行动能为社区的目标和利益服务,行动目标的核心是要关注个人,团体和社会环境。(第347页)


Bond & Harrell (2006) suggest that the multi-layered cultural characteristics and diversity dynamics of every community need to be understood and considered within the community’s historical, socio-political context, and local setting. 

    邦德及哈勒尔(2006)建议,人们需要理解每个社区多层次的文化特性及动态多样性和考虑该社区的历史,社会政治环境,以及当地的背景。


Messinger (2006) emphasized that local context and history are vital to planning and implementing social programs in our communities. 

    麦珊洁(2006)强调,当地的环境和历史在我们的社区规划和实施上是至关重要的。


Trickett (2011) implores graduate training programs in Community Psychology to “focus on how to develop intervention possibilities and professional qualities that prioritize understanding of the local context and culture as prelude to research programs and intervention possibilities” (p. 67).

    特里克特(2011)要求社区心理学的研究生培训计划“重点要放在如何开展心理干预的可能性,要培养在开展研究项目及心理干预可能性前了解当地环境和文化的专业素质”(第67页) 


分类: 英语

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