【英译中】饥饿的新面孔(三)

发表于:2014-07-29 19:22 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Chances are good that if you picture what hunger looks like, you don’t summon an image of someone like Christina Dreier: white, married, clothed, and housed, even a bit overweight. The image of hunger in America today differs markedly from Depression-era images of the gaunt-faced unemployed scavenging for food on urban streets. “This is not your grandmother’s hunger,” says Janet Poppendieck, a sociologist at the City University of New York. “Today more working people and their families are hungry because wages have declined.”


我们有很多选择来描绘饥饿的光景。但是你很难想象一个像克里斯蒂娜德雷尔一样的境况的出现:白人,已婚,衣衫整洁,有房屋可以居住,甚至会有点超重。在今天的美国饥饿的形象显示了明显不同以往的憔悴,没有面临失业捡破烂在城市街道搜寻食品的大萧条时期的景象。 这不是你奶奶所面临的饥饿了,在一个纽约城市大学社会学家珍妮特在网站Poppendieck上这样谈到, 今天更多的劳动人民和他们的家人都面临饥饿,因为工资水平的下降。


In the United States more than half of hungry households are white, and two-thirds of those with children have at least one working adult—typically in a full-time job. With this new image comes a new lexicon: In 2006 the U.S. government replaced “hunger” with the term “food insecure” to describe any household where, sometime during the previous year, people didn’t have enough food to eat. By whatever name, the number of people going hungry has grown dramatically in the U.S., increasing to 48 million by 2012—a fivefold jump since the late 1960s, including an increase of 57 percent since the late 1990s. Privately run programs like food pantries and soup kitchens have mushroomed too. In 1980 there were a few hundred emergency food programs across the country; today there are 50,000. Finding food has become a central worry for millions of Americans. One in six reports running out of food at least once a year. In many European countries, by contrast, the number is closer to one in 20.


在美国,白人家庭占饥饿家庭的一半还要多,而三分之二的有儿童的饥饿家庭中至少有一个在工作的成年人,通常是全职的工作。这个新的形象带来一个新的词汇:在2006年,美国政府采用术语粮食不安全来取代“饥饿”用以形容任何一个在过去的一年中的任何时段,没有足够的食物吃的家庭。不论其名为何,在美国挨饿的人数在大幅增长,到2012年这一数字已经达到480万,呈五倍增长, 即使从20世纪90年代计算也增长了57%。私人经营的食物储藏室和厨房项目如雨后春笋般出现了。 1980年,全国各地有少少的几百个粮食紧急计划,而今天则有50,000。寻找食物已经成为数以百万计的美国人担心的中心议题。在美国六分之一的报告是关于食物紧缺的。而与此相反的是,在许多欧洲国家,这一数字接近与120


分类: 英语
全部回复 (3)

  • 0

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团