2014.07.30【英译中】你没听说过的至关重要的战役(1)

isabellajoe (Bella)
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发表于:2014-07-30 20:45 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Exactly 800 years ago on Sunday, in a field next to what is now the airport of Lille, a battle was fought which determined the history of England.

800年前的一个星期日,在现在是里尔机场附近的一块田野中,打响过一场奠定了英国历史的战役。

Today few people in the UK have heard of Bouvines. It has none of the ring of an Agincourt or a Crecy. Probably that it is because England lost it. But the battle of 27 July, 1214 was just as significant as England's later victories over the French. Maybe more so.

在今天的英国,很少有人听说过布维涅战役。它并没有像是阿金库尔战役或是克雷西战役那样的光环。也许这是因为英格兰在这场战役中战败了。但是这场于1214年7月27日打响的战役就像之后英法战争中英国的胜利一样重要。也许甚至其重要性还要超过英法战争。

"Bouvines is the most important battle in English history that no-one has ever heard of," says John France, professor emeritus in medieval history at Swansea University.

“布维涅会战是英国历史上最重要的但却无人知晓的一场战役,”斯旺西大学的中世纪史荣誉教授John France这样说道
"Without Bouvines there is no Magna Carta, and all the British and American law that stems from that. It's a muddy field, the armies are small, but everything depends on the struggle. It's one of the climactic moments of European history."

“如果没有布维涅战役就没有大宪章,而英国与美国全部的法律都发轫于此。布维涅战役发生在一片泥泞的区域,军队规模很小,但是每一件事都是艰难斗争的结果。这是欧洲历史上最为重要的时刻之一。”

The story of Bouvines begins with hapless King John, and his determination to retake the French lands he had lost in Normandy and Anjou. His opponent was the King of France, Philippe-Auguste, equally determined to establish French power and prestige.

布维涅的传奇始于约翰王以及他要重新取得他在诺曼底以及昂如失去的土地的决定。他的敌人是法国国王菲利普·奥古斯特,奥古斯特同样也希望建立法国的权利与声威。

King John had alienated most of the English nobility. The barons were angry at the way he extorted money, and excluded them from court. They refused to fight his wars. So for his campaign of reconquest in France, John forged a European alliance. He recruited other enemies of the French crown - the German Holy Roman Emperor Otto and the Counts of Flanders and Boulogne - and devised a two-pronged attack.

约翰王疏远了英格兰的绝大多数贵族。贵族们对于国王敛财的方式以及将他们排除于法庭之外的做法感到不满。贵族们拒绝了国王要开战的决定。因此约翰王就打造了一支欧洲的联合军队。他招募了法国王室的其他敌人——德国神圣罗马帝国的皇帝奥托以及弗兰德斯与布伦伯爵,并且设计了两面包抄的战术。

接着看~

最后编辑于:2014-07-30 22:16
分类: 英语
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