2014.08.02【英译中】研究:过度努力或将影响语言学习效果 Part3

CaptainEthan (Captain Ethan) 初涉译坛
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发表于:2014-08-02 14:12 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
The final test measured skill in identifying the language’s morphology.
最后一个测试旨在度量受试者识别语言形态技能水平。

The researchers played a three-word sequence that included a word the subjects had not heard before, but which fit into one of the three categories.
研究人员播放一组三词汇组成的序列,其中包含一个受试者之前没有听到的词汇,但这个词属于三个种类的一种。

When asked to judge whether this new word was in the correct location, the subjects who had been asked to pay closer attention to the original word stream performed much worse than those who had listened more passively.
当受试者被要求判断这个新词是否在正确的位置上时,更加集中注意力在原始单词流上的受试者比只是被动听取的受试者表现得差很多。

The findings support a theory of language acquisition that suggests that some parts of language are learned through procedural memory, while others are learned through declarative memory.
这个结果支持了一种语言习得理论,这种理论是说,语言的一部分通过程序性记忆来习得,而另一部分则通过陈述性记忆习得。

Under this theory, declarative memory, which stores knowledge and facts, would be more useful for learning vocabulary and certain rules of grammar.
根据这种理论,用来储存知识和事实的陈述性记忆在学习词汇和某些语法规则的时候会更加有效。

Procedural memory, which guides tasks we perform without conscious awareness of how we learned them, would be more useful for learning subtle rules related to language morphology.
而用来指导我们在潜意识支配下完成任务的程序性记忆,会在学习跟语言形态相关的潜在规则上更有效果。

“It’s likely to be the procedural memory system that’s really important for learning these difficult morphological aspects of language.
“似乎程序性记忆系统对学习这些困难的语言形态学方面的东西非常重要。

“In fact, when you use the declarative memory system, it doesn’t help you, it harms you,” Finn says.
事实上,当你运用陈述性记忆系统的时候,它不仅不会帮助你,反而会对你不利。”弗林说道。

Still unresolved is the question of whether adults can overcome this language-learning obstacle. Finn says she does not have a good answer yet but she is now testing the effects of “turning off” the adult prefrontal cortex using a technique called transcranial magnetic stimulation.
成年人是否能克服语言学习的这一障碍仍然是未解之谜。弗林说她还没有一个好的答案,但她正在测试用一种被称作经颅磁刺激的技术来“关闭”成年人的前额皮质。

Other interventions she plans to study include distracting the prefrontal cortex by forcing it to perform other tasks while language is heard, and treating subjects with drugs that impair activity in that brain region.
她计划研究的其他介入手段包括,在听取语言时压迫前额皮质来进行其他任务以及让受试者服用可以削弱大脑这一区域活动的药物。
最后编辑于:2014-10-29 20:21
分类: 英语
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