2014.08.03【英译中】Washington Monument

神无月的饺子 (神无月的饺子)
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发表于:2014-08-03 14:33 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

第一次发,好紧张……


The Washington Monument is an obelisk on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., built to commemorate the first U.S. president, George Washington. The monument, made of marble, granite, and bluestone gneiss, is both the world’s tallest stone structure and the world’s tallest obelisk, standing 555 feet 5+1/8 inches (169.294 m).

华盛顿纪念碑是一座方体尖顶碑,位于华盛顿特区的国家广场上,是为了纪念美国第一任总统——乔治*华盛顿而建造的。这座由大理石、花岗岩和青石片麻岩建成的纪念碑高555英尺5又1/8英寸(169.294米),它不但是世界上最高的建筑,还是世界最高的方体尖顶碑。


Construction of the monument began in 1848, but was halted from 1854 to 1877, and finally completed in 1884. The hiatus in construction happened because of co-option by the Know Nothing party, a lack of funds, and the intervention of the American Civil War. A difference in shading of the marble, visible approximately 150 feet (46 m) or 27% up, shows where construction was halted.

纪念碑的建造开始于1848年,但在1854年到1877年间停工,最终于1884年完工。停工是由于co-option by the Know Nothing party(这里不太理解什么意思,是指政党选举还是党派斗争之类的意思么?求指点,缺少资金及美国内战的干扰。碑身约150英尺(46米)即总高由下向上27%处,明显可见一处大理石明暗色差,这即是建造中断之处。


Its original design was by Robert Mills, an architect of the 1840s, but his design was modified significantly when construction resumed, the cornerstone was laid on july 4, 1848; the capstone was set on December 6, 1884, and the completed monument was dedicated on February 21, 1885. It officially opened October 9, 1888. Upon completion, it became the world’s tallest structure, a title previously held by the Cologne Cathedral. The monument held this designation until 1889, when the Eiffel Tower was completed in Paris, France. The monument stands due east of the Reflection Pool and the Lincoln Memorial.

纪念碑最初是由19世纪40年代建筑师罗伯特*米尔斯设计,可是建造复工时,对他的设计做了很大改动。纪念碑于1848年7月4日打下地基,1884年12月6日封顶,直到1885年2月21日才全部完工,并于1888年10月9日正式开放。建成后,这座纪念碑成为世界最高建筑,这一称号之前一直属于科隆大教堂。华盛顿纪念碑保持这一称号直到1889年,埃菲尔铁塔在法国巴黎建成。纪念碑位于倒影池和林肯纪念堂正东方。


The monument was damaged during the Virginia earthquake of August 23, 2011; it remains closed to the public while the structure is assessed and repaired.

纪念碑在2011年8月23日的弗吉尼亚地震中毁坏,因其结构需评估并修缮,至今仍未对公众开放。

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