2014.08.05【英译中】What Smoking Bans Reveal About a Country’s Economy (1)

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发表于:2014-08-05 12:16 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

You might not expect Russia, the world’s second-biggest cigarette market, where 42 percent of the population smokes, to be thinking of limiting the vice. Yet the country is mulling “smoke-free” measures that would ban tobacco ads, boost taxes on cigarettes and prohibit smoking in public places across the country by 2015.

你估计不会预料到俄罗斯,这个世界第二大香烟交易市场,一个全国42%的人口都在吸烟的国家会想到要限制这个恶习。然而这个国家正在思考在2015年推广诸如禁止烟草广告,抬高香烟税和禁止在公共场所吸烟等“无烟”措施。
Public smoking bans are spreading in many emerging economies.Cigarette firms could once rely on these markets to prop up their sales, as rich countries progressively clamped down on smoking and tobacco advertising; but whereas rising cigarette sales used to be a sign that poor countries were growing, it’s now a decline in smoking that seems to be the marker of increasing prosperity. 

公共场所禁烟令在许多新兴经济中被推广。当富有国家日益增多地对抽烟和烟草广告进行取缔的时候,香烟公司曾经一度依赖这些市场来支持它们的销售;但是鉴于香烟销售的增长曾经是贫穷国家发展的标志,现在吸烟的减少似乎成为了日益增长的繁荣的标示。

The links between poverty and tobacco use have been under-researched. In part that’s because smoking-related problems like lung cancer and heart disease were assumed to be rich-country problems—“diseases of affluence,” says Armando Peruga of the World Health Organization, which published one of the first studies on the topic last year. 

贫穷和烟草使用的关联被认为是研究不足的。在某种程度上因为像肺癌和心脏病等和吸烟相关的问题被当作是富有国家的问题——“富裕病”,世界卫生组织的Armando Peruga说道。去年,他出版了有关这个话题的第一批研究的一部分。

Smoking rates do grow with the economy, up to a point,Peruga says. In very poor countries with no tobacco-control policies,smoking increases with disposable incomes—and tobacco companies have focused marketing efforts there. But as living standards and education levels continue to rise, many countries see tobacco use fall off. Peruga says that national smoking rates also dip as governments become more transparent—presumably because tobacco companies have less influence on tax policy and other regulations.

在一定程度上,吸烟率和经济一起发展,Peruga说。在没有烟草控制政策的非常贫穷的国家中,吸烟随着可自由支配的收入而增长——而烟草公司也关注在那的市场营销。但是随着生活水平以及教育程度持续上升,许多国家看到烟草使用的减少。Peruga说当政府变得更加透明时,国家的吸烟率也会下降——大概是因为烟草公司对于税收政策和其他规定有着更少的影响。

最后编辑于:2014-10-29 21:06
分类: 英语
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